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Category Archives: Italy
CORSICA CORSE. Island in the western Mediterranean, north of Sardinia. [For the Département(s) and Region, see CORSE]. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Corsica became part of the Vandal Kingdom, which held the Tunisian coast-lands and many of the … Continue reading
CORREGGIO #175801965 / gettyimages.com Lordship in the Po plain in northern Italy, northwest of Modena. Members of the family served as podestàs in several Italian cities in the 13th century and were at times lords of Parma and Guastalla in … Continue reading
CORON KORÓNI. Town in the east of the southwestern peninsula in the Peloponnese in southern Greece, held by Venice, 1206-1500 and 1685-1715.
CORINTH KÓRINTHOS. Nome (department) in the northeast Peloponnese, between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf, in the Peloponnese Region, and named after the city on the isthmus between the two Gulfs. Before 1899 and during part of the … Continue reading
CORFU KÉRKIRA; Kerkyra. #96447383 / gettyimages.com The second largest and northernmost of the Ionian Islands, except for some very small ones; its northeasternmost shores are separated by a narrow channel from Albania. It forms a nome or department in present-day … Continue reading
CONSTANTINOPLE The city built by the Emperor Constantine the Great on the site of the Greek city of Byzantion (Byzantium to the Romans) as capital for the Eastern Roman Empire – the new Rome. It was capital for the Roman … Continue reading
CONCORDIA CONCÓRDIA. Town on the River Secchia, right-bank tributary of the Po, north of Modena, and held by the Pico lords of nearby MIRANDOLA.
COMO City of northern Italy, on the southern shore of the lake that bears its name, NNW of Milan; A province of modern Italy The Bishop of Como had committal powers in the early years of the Holy Roman Empire. … Continue reading
COIRE French form of CHUR. Related articles Thailand Army chief announces military coup, constitution suspended – Fox News
CITY-STATES of Italy Of all the regions of Europe the Italian peninsula was the one where city-states most flourished and abounded. Many of the cities of the Roman era survived; they had a proud history and a tradition of self-government. … Continue reading
CISPADANE REPUBLIC Revolutionary Republic, south of the lower River Po (its name means this side of the Po – i.e. from Rome – and echoes that of the ancient Cispadane Gaul). The Republic, the first of the sister republics of … Continue reading
CISALPINE REPUBLIC Republic in northern Italy, one of the sister republics of the French Republic. Its name echoed that of the Roman region of Cisalpine Gaul. It was proclaimed in May 1797 in Lombardy, the north Italian region, formerly Austrian, … Continue reading
CHUR Quera (Romansch); Caira (It); Coire (Fr). Diocese in the old Roman province of Rhaetia, including most of the present Swiss Canton of Graubünden (the upper valleys of the Rhine and the Inn) and also the upper valley of the … Continue reading
CHIOS KHÍOS. Eastern Aegean island, lying west of the peninsula near Izmir (Smyrna) in western Anatolia and north of the Dodecanese; A nome (department) in Greece. It was generally Byzantine before 1204, though the Arabs held it in the 670s … Continue reading
CHIETI Southern province in the Abruzzi region in southeast central Italy, named after its capital, which is south of Pescara. It had been the province of Abruzzo Citeriore in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.