Tag Archives: Fourth Crusade


CRETE KRÍTI; Creta (Lat); Candia (It); Girit (Tk). Island in the eastern Mediterranean (the fifth largest Mediterranean island) and the southernmost region of Greece. It was part of the Roman Empire, forming a province with Cyrenaica on the north African coast until … Continue reading

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CERIGO   Italian form of KÍTHIRA (Cythera, old spelling) Greek island off the coast of the southeastern Peloponnese (said to be the island where Aphrodite rose from the waves). After the Fourth Crusade and the destruction of the Byzantine Empire in … Continue reading

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BOEOTIA     VOIOTOÍA. District in classical Greece (when its chief town was Thebes) A nome (department) in modern Greece (capital Livadia). Boeotia is the isthmus which lies between the Gulf of Corinth and the Strait of Euboea, and which connects the … Continue reading

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ARGOLIS Eastern nome (department) in the Peloponnesos Region in southern Greece, on the northern and western shores of the Gulf of Argolis. In the late 12th century, with the Byzantine Empire incompetently led, a local noble, Leo Sgouros, the hereditary … Continue reading

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ARCHIPELAGO     Our word for a sea clustered with islands comes from the Greek name for the Aegean Sea, the great sea.   The Duchy of the Archipelago (also called Naxos) was a Crusader state in the Cyclades, an island group in … Continue reading

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