Tag Archives: Danube

Craiova

CRAIOVA The west of the Principality of Wallachia (now the southwestern region in Romania) was sometimes called the Banat of Craiova, from its capital, a city on the River Jiu, which flows southwards from the Transylvanian Alps to the Danube. … Continue reading

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Constanța

CONSTANȚA Province of eastern Romania, lying between the northward-flowing Danube and the Black Sea, and named after the port on the Black Sea.   It is in the Dobrudja, which was ceded to Romania in 1878 by the Ottoman Empire.

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Ciuc

CIUC Inter-war county in Romania, which included the upper reaches of the River Olt, a tributary of the Danube. Before 1918-19, it was the Hungarian county of Csík, in eastern Transylvania, and was temporarily returned to Hungary, 1940-4. The capital, … Continue reading

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Cham

CHAM   Margraviate in the Holy Roman Empire, in Bavaria. The town, which is now the administrative centre of the Bavarian Landkreis of Cham, is northeast of Regensburg and stands just below the confluence of the River Cham with the Regen, … Continue reading

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Burgau

BURGAU Margraviate in southern Germany;  named after a town on the River Mindel, a tributary of the Danube, southeast of Gunzburg, east of Ulm, and WNW of Augsburg. The lordship of Burgau, in eastern Swabia, was held by a branch … Continue reading

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Bulgaria ~ Country

BULGARIA   BULGARIYA ~ Country See also BULGARIA ~ Byzantine themes Country in the eastern Balkans, south of the Danube, with coast on the Black Sea.   The language of the Bulgarians is Slavonic, a consequence of  the Slav incursions into the Balkans, … Continue reading

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Bujak

BUJAK     BUDZHAK (Rus and Ukr);  BUGEAC (Rum);  Bucak (Tk). Region on the Black Sea coast, now in Ukraine, lying between the lowest course of the Danube, including its delta, and the estuary of the Dniester. It was part of the … Continue reading

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Bratislava

BRATISLAVA   POSZONY (Magyar); PRESSBURG (Ger). The capital of Slovakia.   Since 1969 it has formed a separate administrative district from the kraj of Západoslovenský (South Slovakia), though it remains its capital. As Poszony it was the capital of a Hungarian county named … Continue reading

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Braničevo

BRANIČEVO District south of the Danube and east of the River Morava, now in Serbia, and named after a town and former fortress on the River Pek some way above its confluence with the Danube.   The town is no longer … Continue reading

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Bogen

BOGEN County in the Holy Roman Empire, named from a town in Bavaria on the left bank of the Danube, between Regensburg and Passau, and a little below Straubing.   The town is now in the Landkreis of Straubing-Bogen in the … Continue reading

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Biberach

BIBERACH   Now Biberach an der Riß (a tributary of the Danube), to distinguish it from several other Biberachs. Town in southwestern Germany, SSW of Ulm, and a former Imperial Free City, which today, with its surrounding district, forms a Landkreis … Continue reading

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Berg ~ Swabia

BERG ~ Swabia County in southern Germany;  the village whose castle gave it its name is now part of the district around the town of Ehingen, which is on the north bank of the Danube, southwest of Ulm.  Berg lies … Continue reading

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Bavaria-Straubing

BAVARIA-STRAUBING    BAYERN-STRAUBING. Straubing, which is now a Stadtkreis in the Land of Bayern, stands on the right bank of the Danube below Regensburg and above Passau,  and was the capital of one of the divisions of the Duchy of Lower … Continue reading

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Bavaria-Munich

BAVARIA-MUNICH   BAYERN-MÜNCHEN. In the division of the Bavarian lands in 1392 the youngest brother, John III, received the southern part of Upper Bavaria, with its capital at Munich; a share of the lands on the Danube around Straubing were added … Continue reading

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Bavaria-Landshut

BAVARIA-LANDSHUT   BAYERN-LANDSHUT. Landshut stands on the River Isar, a tributary of the Danube, northeast of Munich and south of Regensburg.   It was the capital of the Lower Bavarian Duchy, which was formed in 1255 and which reunited with Upper Bavaria … Continue reading

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