Tag Archives: Soviet Union


BURYATIA Autonomous Republic in the Russian Federation, on the northern, eastern and southern shores of Lake Baikal and bordering on Mongolia. The Buryats are Mongol by language and Buddhist by faith, and were conquered by Russians in the 17th century, … Continue reading

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BUKOVINA     BUKOVYNA (Ukr);  BUCOVINA (Rom);  Buchenland (Ger). Region now mostly in the southern part of the western Ukraine but partly in northeastern Romania.   It lies between the Carpathians and the River Dniester, contains the upper waters of the River Siret … Continue reading

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BUJAK     BUDZHAK (Rus and Ukr);  BUGEAC (Rum);  Bucak (Tk). Region on the Black Sea coast, now in Ukraine, lying between the lowest course of the Danube, including its delta, and the estuary of the Dniester. It was part of the … Continue reading

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BIZONIA The economic union of the American and British Zones of Germany, agreed in December 1946 and effective from 1 January 1947.   It arose partly out of the economic difficulties of the British Zone, with a substantial industrial population that … Continue reading

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BIAŁYSTOK   Former voivodship (Województwo białostockie) in northeastern Poland, named after its capital (Belostok or Byelostok in Russian). The city was founded in 1320 with the extension of Lithuania into the Podlasia region.  In the final partition of Poland in 1795 … Continue reading

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BEREG Former county in the north of the Kingdom of Hungary, lying north of the River Tisza.   It lay in Royal Hungary, the Habsburg-ruled part, from 1526, but was one of the counties temporarily detached to Transylvania in the … Continue reading

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BELARUS    BELORUSSIA or BYELORUSSIA, i.e. White Russia, though there is no agreement on why it is so called;  Belorussiya (Russ); Bia³orus (Pol). State in eastern Europe between Russia and Poland.   The east of the country is crossed by the upper … Continue reading

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ABKHAZIA   Or, Abhasia, Abhazia (nearer to the pronunciation). Region on the eastern shores of the Black Sea and the southern slopes of the Great Caucasus Mountains.   Sometimes it has been the northwestern region of greater Georgia, sometimes autonomous within Georgia, … Continue reading

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