Tag Archives: Normandy

Channel Islands

CHANNEL ISLANDS   Les Îles normandes. Islands in the English Channel off the west coast of the Cotentin (usually called the Cherbourg peninsula in English). They became part of the Duchy of Normandy in 933, and so belonged to William I … Continue reading

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Calvados

CALVADOS The Département du Calvados (14) is in northwestern France, bordering on the Baie de la Seine, and taking its name from a reef off the coast, a unique source for a departmental name.   It was formed out of the … Continue reading

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Caen

CAEN   Généralité for Lower Normandy in northern France, formed in 1542 when the généralité of Normandy was divided.   It was named after its capital, the city which had long been the capital of Lower Normandy. It lost some territory to … Continue reading

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Brittany

BRITTANY     BRETAGNE (Fr);  BREIZ (Breton). The northwestern peninsula in France, and A pre-Viking Kingdom; A medieval Duchy; A gouvernement in the Ancien Régime; An administrative region in present-day France. The region was called Armorica in Roman times, but there was … Continue reading

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Bessin

BESSIN Coastal pays in Lower Normandy, around the city of Bayeux, the seat of a Bishop in the province of Rouen.   Scene of most of the Normandy landings in 1944.

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Bellême

BELLÊME Medieval lordship in northwestern France, in the border region of Normandy with Maine, ESE of Alençon and northeast of Le Mans. In the later 11th century it came to the Norman House of Montgomery by marriage.  The notorious Robert … Continue reading

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Beaumont

BEAUMONT A County in Normandy in northern France;  its capital was the town of Beaumont-le-Roger, NNW of Evreux and southwest of Rouen. The lordship was held in the 11th to 13th centuries by a powerful family related to the Norman … Continue reading

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Bayeux

BAYEUX Episcopal city in western (Lower) Normandy, the diocese belonging to the province of Rouen.   Since 1790 its territory has been the Department of Calvados.   The pays around it is the BESSIN.

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Basse-Normandie

BASSE-NORMANDIE     Lower Normandy. A region in northern France, formed in 1960 and comprising the departments (clockwise from the west) of the Manche, Calvados, and Orne.  Lower Normandy had been a traditional division of the old Duchy, with its capital at … Continue reading

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Arques

ARQUES Ephemeral medieval County in northern France, formed from the west of the district of Talus in the Duchy of Normandy (the town of Arques is SSE of Dieppe). It was held by William, a bastard son of Duke Richard … Continue reading

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Anjou

ANJOU County, later Duchy, in northwestern France A gouvernement, occupying both banks of the lower Loire, but more to the north, where the city of Angers stands on the River Maine, the short river that carries the waters of the … Continue reading

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