Tag Archives: Imperial Free City

Constance ~ Imperial Free City

CONSTANCE, Imperial Free City.   KONSTANZ. City of southern Germany, on the Rhine as it flows from Lake Constance (Bodensee) into the smaller lake, Untersee;  the old city is on the southern bank of the river. Constance was the seat of … Continue reading

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Cologne ~ Imperial Free City

COLOGNE, Imperial Free City.   KÖLN. German city on the lower Rhine, originally the Roman town of Colonia Agrippina, which as the Empire declined became the capital of the Kingdom of the Riparian Franks, outsiders who had crossed into the lands … Continue reading

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Bremen ~ City-state

BREMEN ~ City-state. See also BREMEN ~Archbishopric City and port on the estuary of the Weser in northwestern Germany, and once the seat of an Archbishop.   It is today a Land in the Federal Republic of Germany. The city was one … Continue reading

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Bremen ~ Archbishopric

BREMEN  ~ Archbishopric. See also BREMEN ~ City-state The city on the estuary of the Weser in northern Germany became the seat of a Bishop, a suffragan of Cologne, in 787.   In 848 the diocese was merged with the recently created Archdiocese … Continue reading

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Boppard

BOPPARD City on the left bank of the Rhine, south of Coblenz. Once a royal residence, it became a Free City under the Hohenstaufen, whose last Emperor, Frederick II, Boppard repaid by steadfastly defying the anti-King, William of Holland, when … Continue reading

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Biberach

BIBERACH   Now Biberach an der Riß (a tributary of the Danube), to distinguish it from several other Biberachs. Town in southwestern Germany, SSW of Ulm, and a former Imperial Free City, which today, with its surrounding district, forms a Landkreis … Continue reading

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Besançon

BESANÇON     Bisanz (Ger). City on the River Doubs in eastern France and on the northwestern edge of the Jura Mountains; the seat of an Archbishop, an Imperial Free City, and the capital of the Department of the Doubs since 1790. … Continue reading

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Basel

BASEL    Bâle (Fr); Basle (Eng); Basilia (Lat). Bishopric (see separate  Basle ~ Bishopric entry) Imperial Free City; Northwestern Canton of the Swiss Confederation, now divided into two Half-Cantons. The city stands at the point where the westward-flowing Rhine swings north, the … Continue reading

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Augsburg

AUGSBURG A Bishopric; An Imperial Free City. The city of Augsburg is situated in the east of the Duchy of Swabia and in the Province of Mainz;  it stands on the River Lech, tributary of the Danube, and is now in … Continue reading

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Aalen

AALEN    Once an Imperial Free City, in southwestern Germany, in Swabia, east of Stuttgart and north of Ulm.   The town stands on the River Kocher, a tributary of the Neckar, and is now the administrative centre of the Ostalbkreis in … Continue reading

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Aachen

AACHEN    Aix-la-Chapelle (Fr);  Aken (Dutch). Once an Imperial Free City, in western Germany, WSW of Cologne, now a Stadtkreis in Nordrhein-Westfalen close to the German frontiers with both the Netherlands and Belgium. Its thermal springs led to the founding of … Continue reading

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