Category Archives: England

Craven

CRAVEN District in the West Riding of Yorkshire, now divided between North Yorkshire and Lancashire; A local government district in North Yorkshire since 1974. Craven is the district in and around the Aire Gap, where the valley of the River … Continue reading

Posted in England | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Coucy

COUCY Medieval lordship in Picardy in northern France;  the castle and hill-top town of Coucy lie south of St Quentin and north of Soissons. The lands originally belonged to the Archbishop of Reims, and became a lordship in the 10th … Continue reading

Posted in England, France | Tagged | Leave a comment

Cornwall

CORNWALL   KERNOW (Cornish). #125987783 / gettyimages.com The southwesternmost county in England;  most of its boundary with Devon lies along the River Tamar, which rises very near the north coast and flows to Plymouth Sound and the English Channel. Cornwall lay … Continue reading

Posted in England, France, Wales | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cornouaille

CORNOUAILLE Southwestern Brittany, its name the result of the the immigration of British into Armorica in the 5th and 6th centuries from, inter alia, Cornwall. A County emerged in the region, and also a Bishopric with its seat at Quimper, … Continue reading

Posted in England, France | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cork

CORK    Chorcaigh. #492551209 / gettyimages.com City in the south of Ireland, which stands where the River Lee meets the long Cork Harbour; The county of which the city is capital. The city and the harbour were held by the Northmen … Continue reading

Posted in England, Ireland | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Connacht

CONNACHT    CONNAUGHT (Anglicised). The province of western Ireland, lying between Donegal Bay and Galway Bay, with the middle Shannon forming much of its eastern boundary. Connacht was one of the early Kingdoms of Ireland – its name is said to … Continue reading

Posted in England, Ireland | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Coleraine

  COLERAINE Short-lived county in the north of Ireland. When the province of Ulster was shired in 1585, the county of Coleraine was formed mostly between the Rivers Foyle, in the west, and Bann, in the east, though the town … Continue reading

Posted in England, Northern Ireland | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Clun

CLUN Welsh Marcher lordship, crossed by the River Clun, a tributary of the Teme. The castle of Clun was southeast of Montgomery, northwest of Wigmore and NNW of Ludlow. The lordship was first held, in the Conqueror’s reign, by the … Continue reading

Posted in England, Wales | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Clifford

CLIFFORD Lordship in the March of Wales, on the River Wye, west of Hereford and today just in England. The castle was built by William Fitzosborn, Earl of Hereford in the early years after the Norman Conquest. The Lordship was … Continue reading

Posted in England, Wales | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cleveland

CLEVELAND Region in northern Yorkshire; County in northeastern England, either side of the lower Tees, 1974-96. The region lies between the north of the North Yorks Moors, where the Cleveland Hills are to be found, and the River Tees.   The … Continue reading

Posted in England | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Clermont ~ Beauvaisis

CLERMONT, Beauvaisis. Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, which is ESE of Beauvais and north of Paris, was the capital of a French County from the 11th century. It lay in the east of the pays of Beauvaisis, the greater part of which formed a … Continue reading

Posted in England, France | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Clare ~ English Honour

CLARE, English Honour. Clare in Suffolk lies between Cambridge and Ipswich, or more locally, between Haverhill and Sudbury.   It had been a stronghold in the Kingdom of East Anglia, and after the Conquest William I gave it to a kinsman, … Continue reading

Posted in England | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cinque Ports

CINQUE PORTS The Confederation of the Cinque Ports has its origins in the reign of King Edward the Confessor. In 1049-51 he disbanded the fleet that had existed for some forty years and instead entered into agreements with ports in … Continue reading

Posted in England | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cilgerran

CILGERRAN Marcher lordship in southwest Wales, south of the River Teifi and southeast of Cardigan. It lay on the northern edge of the Marcher lordships of the southwest, and so was liable to attack and seizure, but the power of … Continue reading

Posted in England, Wales | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Chirk

CHIRK Marcher lordship in northeastern Wales. Chirk Castle stands above the River Ceiriog, a tributary of the Dee.   Chirk is an anglicised form of the name of the river, which acts as the border between England and Wales. In the … Continue reading

Posted in England, Wales | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment