Category Archives: England

Crickhowell

CRICKHOWELL Marcher lordship in southeast Wales, one of the last to be created. In 1463 King Edward IV gave it to his Welsh ally, William Herbert, later Earl of Pembroke. The lordship lay at the southern end of the lordship … Continue reading

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Crete

CRETE KRÍTI; Creta (Lat); Candia (It); Girit (Tk). Island in the eastern Mediterranean (the fifth largest Mediterranean island) and the southernmost region of Greece. It was part of the Roman Empire, forming a province with Cyrenaica on the north African coast until … Continue reading

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Craykeshire

CRAYKESHIRE The Bishop of Durham owned the manor of Crayke, which lay southeast of Thirsk, southwest of Helmsley, and a short distance east of Easingwold. It was therefore an exclave of the County Palatine of Durham within the North Riding … Continue reading

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Craven

CRAVEN District in the West Riding of Yorkshire, now divided between North Yorkshire and Lancashire; A local government district in North Yorkshire since 1974. Craven is the district in and around the Aire Gap, where the valley of the River … Continue reading

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Craikshire

CRAIKSHIRE See CRAYKESHIRE.

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Coucy

COUCY Medieval lordship in Picardy in northern France;  the castle and hill-top town of Coucy lie south of St Quentin and north of Soissons. The lands originally belonged to the Archbishop of Reims, and became a lordship in the 10th … Continue reading

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Cornwall

CORNWALL   KERNOW (Cornish). #125987783 / gettyimages.com The southwesternmost county in England;  most of its boundary with Devon lies along the River Tamar, which rises very near the north coast and flows to Plymouth Sound and the English Channel. Cornwall lay … Continue reading

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Cornouaille

CORNOUAILLE Southwestern Brittany, its name the result of the the immigration of British into Armorica in the 5th and 6th centuries from, inter alia, Cornwall. A County emerged in the region, and also a Bishopric with its seat at Quimper, … Continue reading

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Cork

CORK    Chorcaigh. #492551209 / gettyimages.com City in the south of Ireland, which stands where the River Lee meets the long Cork Harbour; The county of which the city is capital. The city and the harbour were held by the Northmen … Continue reading

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Connacht

CONNACHT    CONNAUGHT (Anglicised). The province of western Ireland, lying between Donegal Bay and Galway Bay, with the middle Shannon forming much of its eastern boundary. Connacht was one of the early Kingdoms of Ireland – its name is said to … Continue reading

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Coleraine

  COLERAINE Short-lived county in the north of Ireland. When the province of Ulster was shired in 1585, the county of Coleraine was formed mostly between the Rivers Foyle, in the west, and Bann, in the east, though the town … Continue reading

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Clun

CLUN Welsh Marcher lordship, crossed by the River Clun, a tributary of the Teme. The castle of Clun was southeast of Montgomery, northwest of Wigmore and NNW of Ludlow. The lordship was first held, in the Conqueror’s reign, by the … Continue reading

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Clifford

CLIFFORD Lordship in the March of Wales, on the River Wye, west of Hereford and today just in England. The castle was built by William Fitzosborn, Earl of Hereford in the early years after the Norman Conquest. The Lordship was … Continue reading

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Cleveland

CLEVELAND Region in northern Yorkshire; County in northeastern England, either side of the lower Tees, 1974-96. The region lies between the north of the North Yorks Moors, where the Cleveland Hills are to be found, and the River Tees.   The … Continue reading

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Clermont ~ Beauvaisis

CLERMONT, Beauvaisis. Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, which is ESE of Beauvais and north of Paris, was the capital of a French County from the 11th century. It lay in the east of the pays of Beauvaisis, the greater part of which formed a … Continue reading

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