Tag Archives: Byzantine Empire

Corsica

CORSICA   CORSE. Island in the western Mediterranean, north of Sardinia. [For the Département(s) and Region, see CORSE]. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Corsica became part of the Vandal Kingdom, which held the Tunisian coast-lands and many of the … Continue reading

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Corfu

CORFU   KÉRKIRA; Kerkyra. #96447383 / gettyimages.com The second largest and northernmost of the Ionian Islands, except for some very small ones;  its northeasternmost shores are separated by a narrow channel from Albania. It forms a nome or department in present-day … Continue reading

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Constantinople

CONSTANTINOPLE The city built by the Emperor Constantine the Great on the site of the Greek city of Byzantion (Byzantium to the Romans) as capital for the Eastern Roman Empire – the new Rome. It was capital for the Roman … Continue reading

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City States of Italy

CITY-STATES of Italy Of all the regions of Europe the Italian peninsula was the one where city-states most flourished and abounded.   Many of the cities of the Roman era survived;  they had a proud history and a tradition of self-government. … Continue reading

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Chios

CHIOS   KHÍOS. Eastern Aegean island, lying west of the peninsula near Izmir (Smyrna) in western Anatolia and north of the Dodecanese; A nome (department) in Greece. It was generally Byzantine before 1204, though the Arabs held it in the 670s … Continue reading

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Cerigo

CERIGO   Italian form of KÍTHIRA (Cythera, old spelling) Greek island off the coast of the southeastern Peloponnese (said to be the island where Aphrodite rose from the waves). After the Fourth Crusade and the destruction of the Byzantine Empire in … Continue reading

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Cephalonia

CEPHALONIA    KEFALLINÍA. The largest of the Ionian Islands, in the Ionian Sea west of the exit of the Gulf of Patras;  it has given its name to territories that include more than the island:- A Byzantine theme; A Crusader county; … Continue reading

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Carabisiani

CARABISIANI   KARABISIANON. One of the earliest themes (military region, which became an administrative district as well) in the Byzantine Empire, created in the 7th century. It was a maritime theme and covered the southern coastal regions of Asia Minor and … Continue reading

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Capitanata

CAPITANATA District in the northwest of Apulia, including the Gargnano peninsula (the “spur of Italy”) and the neighbouring coastlands and interior.   It took its name from the Catapan, the principal officer of the Byzantine Empire in southern Italy after the … Continue reading

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Campania

CAMPANIA Late Roman province in southwest central Italy; A modern autonomous region. The name means plain, the plain in this case lies between the Apennines and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The district extended originally from the River Sele in the south … Continue reading

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Calabria

CALABRIA Roman district in the heel of Italy, which became the south of the late Roman province of Apulia et Calabria; A Byzantine theme; A modern Italian region. …but in these two latter cases Calabria means the toe of Italy, … Continue reading

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Byzantine Spain

BYZANTINE SPAIN In 533-4 the Byzantine Empire overthrew the Vandal Kingdom in northwestern Africa and the islands of the western Mediterranean.   Trouble in Visigothic Spain in the late 540s gave the opportunity to intervene there and in 552 a Byzantine … Continue reading

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Byzantine Italy

BYZANTINE ITALY The Italian peninsula lay in the western half of the Roman Empire after its division in the late 3rd century and its permanent separation in 395.   In the late 480s the Ostrogoths, with the sanction of the Emperor … Continue reading

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Butrinto

BUTRINTO Italian name of BUTRINT, a small town in the southwestern corner of Albania, opposite the northern end of the island of Corfu; anciently, Buthrotum.   It belonged to the Despots of Epirus after the fall of Constantinople to the … Continue reading

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Bruth

BRUTII The Roman name for the southernmost part of mainland Italy;  the toe.   Joined with Lucania to the north to form the Augustan region and later the province of Lucania et Brutii.   The name of Brutii disappeared and in the … Continue reading

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