Tag Archives: Sicily

Catania

CATANIA Sicilian province, named after its capital, the second largest city on the island, which stands on the east coast.   The north of the province lies around Mount Etna;  inland the province sprawls southwestwards, reaching to within ten miles of … Continue reading

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Capua

CAPUA Lombard Principality in southern Italy, named after its capital, which lies inland, north of Naples. The Principality was formed in 840 when the Principality of Benevento broke up. In 1058 the last Lombard Prince was displaced by Richard, the … Continue reading

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Caltanissetta

CALTANISSETTA Province in southern Sicily, named after its capital, a city near the centre of the island and itself named after an Arab fortress, meaning Ladies’ castle.   The province extends southeastwards to the southern coast.

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Byzantine Italy

BYZANTINE ITALY The Italian peninsula lay in the western half of the Roman Empire after its division in the late 3rd century and its permanent separation in 395.   In the late 480s the Ostrogoths, with the sanction of the Emperor … Continue reading

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Athens

ATHENS     ATHÍNAI.   Capital of Greece and of ATTICA, it also gave its name to the Crusader Duchy of Athens, 1205-1460, though the actual capital of the Duchy was Thebes, which was then bigger than Athens. After the Crusaders had captured … Continue reading

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Apulia

APULIA    PUGLIA. Roman region Medieval Duchy Contemporary Region in southeastern Italy.   It lies mainly east of the Apennines and extends from the spur of Italy round the heel to the instep. Apulia was one of the regions formed in … Continue reading

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Andria

ANDRIA Inland town in Apulia in southeast Italy, WNW of Bari. In 1265 Bertrand des Baux, who belonged to the Provençal family of Les Baux (Del Balzo), accompanied Charles, Count of Anjou and Provence, on the expedition which brought Charles … Continue reading

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Alessandria

ALESSANDRIA    City (its district is the Alessandrino) and province in northwestern Italy.    The city, which stands on the River Tanaro, a tributary of the Po, lies ESE of Turin and southwest of Milan.   It was built by the anti-Imperial Lombard … Continue reading

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Agrigento

AGRIGENTO Province in southern Sicily, named after its capital.   The town, a little way inland from the southern coast, was originally the Roman town of Agrigentum and was known in modern times as Girgenti, until its name was changed in … Continue reading

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