Tag Archives: Ancien Régime

Couserans

COUSERANS Or, Conserans. Vicomté in the central Pyrenees; A diocese, which belonged to the province of Auch. The Vicomté became separate in the late 10th century, when it was held by the younger son of a Count of Carcassone, as … Continue reading

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Clermont-en-Dauphiné

CLERMONT-EN-DAUPHINÉ North of Grenoble, was held by a family which in the 16th century inherited the County of Tonnerre on the northern fringes of Burgundy. Thenceforward the family, one of the great families of the Ancien Régime, was known as … Continue reading

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Châlons

CHÂLONS   Châlonnais (pays). Medieval county around the town of Châlons-sur-Marne, recently renamed Châlons-en-Champagne, in eastern France; A Bishopric; A généralité in the Ancien Régime. The town is today the capital of the Department of the Marne and of the Champagne-Ardenne … Continue reading

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Bourges

BOURGES     City in central France, WNW of Nevers and ESE of Orleans.  It was the chief city of the Biturges, a Celtic people, and became the Roman city of Avaricum, the capital of the Roman province of Aquitania, and then … Continue reading

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Bordeaux

BORDEAUX City in southwestern France, on the River Garonne, a little above its confluence with the Dordogne to form the Gironde;  the seat of the gouvernement of Guyenne & Gascony, of a généralité and of a Parlement in the Ancien … Continue reading

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Basse-Navarre

BASSE-NAVARRE     Lower Navarre; BENAPAROA (Basque).   The part of the Kingdom of Navarre that lay north of the Pyrenees;  in the united Kingdom it formed the district of Ultrapuentos, beyond the passes. After 1512, when Ferdinand II conquered Spanish Navarre, Basse-Navarre … Continue reading

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Aunis

AUNIS One of the grands gouvernements in Ancien Régime France, and the smallest of those existing in 1789, Aunis lay on the Bay of Biscay between Saintonge and the coastal regions of Poitou.  The Poitevan marshes on the lower course … Continue reading

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Auch

AUCH An Archbishopric; A généralité during the Ancien Régime in southwestern France.   The city of Auch, which stands on the River Gers, was formerly the capital of the County of Armagnac, and since 1790 of the Department of the … Continue reading

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Alençon

ALENÇON   (1) Medieval County (later Duchy) in northern France; and (2) a généralité during the Ancien Régime, named after a Norman town (on the borders with Maine), which stands on the River Sarthe, a tributary of the Loire. From the … Continue reading

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Aix

AIX (1) Généralité for Provence, in southeastern France, during the Ancien Régime, created in 1542 and named after its administrative headquarters, Aix-en-Provence.   Provence was a pays d’Etat, one of the provinces where the Estates survived and decided how the taxes … Continue reading

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