Category Archives: Wales

Crickhowell

CRICKHOWELL Marcher lordship in southeast Wales, one of the last to be created. In 1463 King Edward IV gave it to his Welsh ally, William Herbert, later Earl of Pembroke. The lordship lay at the southern end of the lordship … Continue reading

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Cornwall

CORNWALL   KERNOW (Cornish). #125987783 / gettyimages.com The southwesternmost county in England;  most of its boundary with Devon lies along the River Tamar, which rises very near the north coast and flows to Plymouth Sound and the English Channel. Cornwall lay … Continue reading

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Conwy

CONWY Unitary authority, with the status of a borough, in north Wales. It was created in 1996 by uniting the Aberconwy district in eastern Gwynedd (the lower valley of the Conwy and the coastlands either side of its estuary, including … Continue reading

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Clwyd

CLWYD County of northeastern Wales, now ceremonial only.   The River Clwyd flows roughly northwards across the north of the county to reach the Irish Sea to the west of Rhyl;  the Clwydian Hills lie to the east of the river.   … Continue reading

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Clun

CLUN Welsh Marcher lordship, crossed by the River Clun, a tributary of the Teme. The castle of Clun was southeast of Montgomery, northwest of Wigmore and NNW of Ludlow. The lordship was first held, in the Conqueror’s reign, by the … Continue reading

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Clifford

CLIFFORD Lordship in the March of Wales, on the River Wye, west of Hereford and today just in England. The castle was built by William Fitzosborn, Earl of Hereford in the early years after the Norman Conquest. The Lordship was … Continue reading

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Cilgerran

CILGERRAN Marcher lordship in southwest Wales, south of the River Teifi and southeast of Cardigan. It lay on the northern edge of the Marcher lordships of the southwest, and so was liable to attack and seizure, but the power of … Continue reading

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Chirk

CHIRK Marcher lordship in northeastern Wales. Chirk Castle stands above the River Ceiriog, a tributary of the Dee.   Chirk is an anglicised form of the name of the river, which acts as the border between England and Wales. In the … Continue reading

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Cheshire

CHESHIRE   (Ches). County of western England, the northernmost county on the borders with Wales.  Because of its proximity to Manchester and Liverpool it is generally regarded as part of northwest England, though the southeast of the county is close to … Continue reading

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Chepstow

CHEPSTOW Marcher lordship, also called Strigoil, in southeastern Wales;  the town of Chepstow stands by the confluence of the Wye with the Severn. The FitzOsbern Earls of Hereford established a castle at Chepstow early in the Conqueror’s reign, and it … Continue reading

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Ceri

CERI Commote in eastern Wales, south of Cedewain, perhaps originally the southern part of the cantref of Cedewain. Although it lay on the border with England south of Montgomery (Kerry Hill lies west of Clun Forest in Shropshire) the hill … Continue reading

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Ceredigion

CEREDIGION Kingdom in western Wales; A district in the county of Dyfed, 1975-96; A unitary authority and county since 1996. According to legend the Kingdom was ruled by the descendants of Ceredig, one of the sons of Cunedda, the King … Continue reading

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Cemais

CEMAIS   Or, Cemaes. Cantref in southwest Wales Later a Marcher lordship. Cemais extended from the shores of the Bay of Cardigan to the Preseli Mountains in the south, and lay between the lands of the Bishop of St David’s and … Continue reading

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Cedewain

CEDEWAIN   Or, Cydewain. Commote in eastern Wales, west of Montgomery, in the upper Severn valley.   It lay on the southern fringes of Powys, which tried to dominate it, but it also attracted the attention of the powerful Kingdom of Deheubarth … Continue reading

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Caus

CAUS Welsh Marcher lordship lying between Shrewsbury and Montgomery.   Founded by the Corbett family in the reign of the Conqueror, it was later held by the Staffords, who became Dukes of Buckingham, until treason brought Caus into the King’s hands.   … Continue reading

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