Tag Archives: baden

Büsingen

BÜSINGEN An enclave of German territory within Switzerland, north of the Rhine and east of Schaffhausen.  It was a fragment of Austrian territory until 1805, when it passed to Württemberg, in 1810 to Baden, and is now in Baden-Württemberg.

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Breisgau

BREISGAU Region in the southwestern corner of Germany, once a Frankish county.  The name is used particularly for the Habsburg possessions in that region;  it was also the name of a short-lived Duchy, 1801-5.   The name comes from Breisach, which … Continue reading

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Bonndorf

BONNDORF Imperial Lordship in the southern Black Forest in southwest Germany.  The town is not far from the borders of the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen. Bonndorf was part of the Landgraviate of Stuhlingen in the later middle ages, but when … Continue reading

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Birkenfeld

BIRKENFELD Town above the valley of the upper Nahe in Rheinland-Pfalz in western Germany, near the border with the Saarland.   It is the capital of the Landkreis of Idar-Oberstein. The town was part of the County of Sponheim, and, after … Continue reading

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Biberach

BIBERACH   Now Biberach an der Riß (a tributary of the Danube), to distinguish it from several other Biberachs. Town in southwestern Germany, SSW of Ulm, and a former Imperial Free City, which today, with its surrounding district, forms a Landkreis … Continue reading

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Baden-Württemberg

The southwestern Land in the German Federal Republic. Much of its territory had been part of the old Duchy of Swabia, though the north lay in Franconia, and included some of the key lands of the Electors Palatine, including their … Continue reading

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Badenweiler

BADENWEILER Town and former Imperial lordship in southwest Baden-Württemberg, north of Lorrach. Part of the lands of the Dukes of Zähringen, it became the dowry of Clementia of Zähringen when she married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, c.1148.  He … Continue reading

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Baden-Sponheim

BADEN-SPONHEIM In the partition of Baden in 1515 among the three sons of the abdicated Margrave Christopher, Philip, the second son, took the northern lands around Pforzheim and Durlach and also the rights held by Baden in the County of … Continue reading

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Baden-Durlach

BADEN-DURLACH Durlach is now an eastern suburb of Karlsruhe, the German city on the Rhine near the point of the V, which is made by the German-French border. Durlach became part of Baden in 1211.   In the partition of the … Continue reading

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Baden-Baden

BADEN-BADEN One of the divisions of the Margraviate of Baden, 1515-1771;  its name indicating that it was that part of Baden whose capital was Baden.  It was the share of the senior line of the Margraves, which remained Roman Catholic.  … Continue reading

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Baden(Germany)

BADEN(Germany) A principality, successively a Margraviate, Electorate and Grand Duchy, in southwestern Germany (after 1918 a Land in the Weimar Republic); A Nazi Party Gau; A Land  in the postwar period 1.  The Margraviate had taken its name from a … Continue reading

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Baden(Switzerland)

BADEN(Switzerland) Medieval county Briefly a Canton in the Helvetic Republic The name being taken from the town, which stands on the River Limmat, northwest of Zürich. In the 11th century Baden belonged to the County of Lenzburg, which covered much … Continue reading

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