Category Archives: Germany

Crete

CRETE KRÍTI; Creta (Lat); Candia (It); Girit (Tk). Island in the eastern Mediterranean (the fifth largest Mediterranean island) and the southernmost region of Greece. It was part of the Roman Empire, forming a province with Cyrenaica on the north African coast until … Continue reading

Posted in Austria, England, Germany, Greece, Italy, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cracow

CRACOW KRAKÓW; Krakau (Ger). Principality in medieval Poland; A Free City, 1815-46; A voivodship (Województwo krakowskie) in 20th century Poland. All are named after the city, which was probably founded in the 8th century and which stands on the upper … Continue reading

Posted in Austria, Germany, Poland, Russia | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Cottbus

COTTBUS Or, Kottbus;  Chosebuz (Sorb). Town on the River Spree, southeast of Berlin, northeast of Dresden, a Stadtkreis in southeastern Brandenburg. It belonged to Lower Lusatia (Niederlausitz), which was acquired by Brandenburg in 1448. When the rest of Lower Lusatia … Continue reading

Posted in Germany | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Cosel

COSEL  Or, Kosel.  Former Silesian Duchy, named after a town, now KOZLE, part of Kiedzierzyn-Kozle, which is in southern Poland on the River Odra (Oder) above Opole. After the partition of Upper Silesia in 1281 Cosel was held as a … Continue reading

Posted in Germany, Hungary, Poland | Leave a comment

Corvey

#125176459 / gettyimages.com CORVEY Or, Corvei or Korvei. Imperial Abbey on the River Weser above Hameln in northwestern Germany;  ENE of Paderborn. It was founded by two cousins of Charlemagne in 816 as a daughter Abbey to that of Corbie … Continue reading

Posted in France, Germany, Netherlands | Leave a comment

Constance ~ Imperial Free City

CONSTANCE, Imperial Free City.   KONSTANZ. City of southern Germany, on the Rhine as it flows from Lake Constance (Bodensee) into the smaller lake, Untersee;  the old city is on the southern bank of the river. Constance was the seat of … Continue reading

Posted in Austria, Germany, Switzerland | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Constance ~ Bishopric

CONSTANCE, Bishopric.   KONSTANZ. From the early 7th century there was a Bishop in Constance, a city of southern Germany, which stands at the outlet to the lake of that name (Bodensee in German). The diocese was originally in the province … Continue reading

Posted in Germany, Switzerland | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Congress Poland

CONGRESS POLAND The Congress of Vienna, 1814-5, awarded the greater part of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw to the Tsar of Russia as a separate Kingdom from his Russian possessions. It included Płock, Kalisz, Łódź, Częstochowa, Kielce, Zamość, Lublin, Łomża, … Continue reading

Posted in Austria, Germany, Poland, Russia | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Confederation of the Rhine

CONFEDERATION OF THE RHINE    Or, Rhenish Confederation; RHEINBUND;  la Confédération du Rhin. In July 1806 a group of German principalities with the foreknowledge and approval of France joined together to form a new Confederation.   From the south of Germany came … Continue reading

Posted in Austria, France, Germany | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Cologne ~ Imperial Free City

COLOGNE, Imperial Free City.   KÖLN. German city on the lower Rhine, originally the Roman town of Colonia Agrippina, which as the Empire declined became the capital of the Kingdom of the Riparian Franks, outsiders who had crossed into the lands … Continue reading

Posted in France, Germany | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cologne ~ Archbishopric

COLOGNE ~ Archbishopric.   KÖLN. The most northerly of the three Electoral Archbishoprics of the Holy Roman Empire. The Archbishop’s province occupied the northwest of the Empire. It extended northwards along the middle and lower Meuse (from about the present frontier between … Continue reading

Posted in Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Colmar

COLMAR City in Upper Alsace, one of the members of the DECAPOLIS, under the overlordship of the King of France from 1648. It was annexed by France in 1672 and forced to submit the following year. From 1698 it was … Continue reading

Posted in France, Germany | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Coburg

COBURG  Koburg. German town in the north of the Land of Bayern, south of the Thüringer Wald and north of Bamberg, standing on the River Itz, a tributary of the Main. Coburg was acquired by the County of Henneberg from … Continue reading

Posted in Germany | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Coblenz

COBLENZ    KOBLENZ. City in western Germany at the confluence (which is what its name means) of the Rhine and Mosel. It was the headquarters of one of the Commanders of a Ballei (Bailiwick) of the Teutonic Order, who, as a … Continue reading

Posted in France, Germany | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cleves

CLEVES   KLEVE (Ger); Clèves (Fr). County, later Duchy, in the Holy Roman Empire. There is now a Landkreis of Kleve in Nordrhein-Westfalen, with territory on both banks of the lower Rhine, in the area where the river is about to … Continue reading

Posted in France, Germany | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment