Tag Archives: Lower Normandy

Calvados

CALVADOS The Département du Calvados (14) is in northwestern France, bordering on the Baie de la Seine, and taking its name from a reef off the coast, a unique source for a departmental name.   It was formed out of the … Continue reading

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Caen

CAEN   Généralité for Lower Normandy in northern France, formed in 1542 when the généralité of Normandy was divided.   It was named after its capital, the city which had long been the capital of Lower Normandy. It lost some territory to … Continue reading

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Bessin

BESSIN Coastal pays in Lower Normandy, around the city of Bayeux, the seat of a Bishop in the province of Rouen.   Scene of most of the Normandy landings in 1944.

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Bayeux

BAYEUX Episcopal city in western (Lower) Normandy, the diocese belonging to the province of Rouen.   Since 1790 its territory has been the Department of Calvados.   The pays around it is the BESSIN.

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Basse-Normandie

BASSE-NORMANDIE     Lower Normandy. A region in northern France, formed in 1960 and comprising the departments (clockwise from the west) of the Manche, Calvados, and Orne.  Lower Normandy had been a traditional division of the old Duchy, with its capital at … Continue reading

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Alençon

ALENÇON   (1) Medieval County (later Duchy) in northern France; and (2) a généralité during the Ancien Régime, named after a Norman town (on the borders with Maine), which stands on the River Sarthe, a tributary of the Loire. From the … Continue reading

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