Tag Archives: Rhine

Constance ~ Imperial Free City

CONSTANCE, Imperial Free City.   KONSTANZ. City of southern Germany, on the Rhine as it flows from Lake Constance (Bodensee) into the smaller lake, Untersee;  the old city is on the southern bank of the river. Constance was the seat of … Continue reading

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Constance ~ Bishopric

CONSTANCE, Bishopric.   KONSTANZ. From the early 7th century there was a Bishop in Constance, a city of southern Germany, which stands at the outlet to the lake of that name (Bodensee in German). The diocese was originally in the province … Continue reading

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Cologne ~ Imperial Free City

COLOGNE, Imperial Free City.   KÖLN. German city on the lower Rhine, originally the Roman town of Colonia Agrippina, which as the Empire declined became the capital of the Kingdom of the Riparian Franks, outsiders who had crossed into the lands … Continue reading

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Cologne ~ Archbishopric

COLOGNE ~ Archbishopric.   KÖLN. The most northerly of the three Electoral Archbishoprics of the Holy Roman Empire. The Archbishop’s province occupied the northwest of the Empire. It extended northwards along the middle and lower Meuse (from about the present frontier between … Continue reading

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Coblenz

COBLENZ    KOBLENZ. City in western Germany at the confluence (which is what its name means) of the Rhine and Mosel. It was the headquarters of one of the Commanders of a Ballei (Bailiwick) of the Teutonic Order, who, as a … Continue reading

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Cleves

CLEVES   KLEVE (Ger); Clèves (Fr). County, later Duchy, in the Holy Roman Empire. There is now a Landkreis of Kleve in Nordrhein-Westfalen, with territory on both banks of the lower Rhine, in the area where the river is about to … Continue reading

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Chur

CHUR    Quera (Romansch); Caira (It); Coire (Fr). Diocese in the old Roman province of Rhaetia, including most of the present Swiss Canton of Graubünden (the upper valleys of the Rhine and the Inn) and also the upper valley of the … Continue reading

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Büsingen

BÜSINGEN An enclave of German territory within Switzerland, north of the Rhine and east of Schaffhausen.  It was a fragment of Austrian territory until 1805, when it passed to Württemberg, in 1810 to Baden, and is now in Baden-Württemberg.

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Bouches-du-Rhin

BOUCHES-DU-RHIN   Department in the French Empire 1810-13, mainly the Brabantine sector of the former Lands of the Generality in the United Provinces, though also including southern Gelderland.  Its capital was Bois-le-Duc, now the Dutch town of Hertogenbosch. Curiously, the Bouches-du-Rhin … Continue reading

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Bouches-de-la-Meuse

BOUCHES-DE-LA-MEUSE Department in the French Empire 1810-13, joining southern Holland with the western part of the Lands of the Generality (now Noord Brabant).   Though the Maas is south of the Rhine, the department lay north of the Bouches-du-Rhin.

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Boppard

BOPPARD City on the left bank of the Rhine, south of Coblenz. Once a royal residence, it became a Free City under the Hohenstaufen, whose last Emperor, Frederick II, Boppard repaid by steadfastly defying the anti-King, William of Holland, when … Continue reading

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Bolanden

BOLANDEN Former Imperial Lordship in western Germany, near the Donnersberg, between the Rhine and the Mosel, west of Worms.  The original settlement of Bolanden is just south of the town of Kirchheimbolanden, which is now in Rheinland-Pfalz. The family of … Continue reading

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Belgica

BELGICA.    Or, Gallia Belgica.    Roman province, named after a Celtic tribe. It was the northeastern province of Gaul, though it lost its frontier zones along the Rhine to form military districts facing Germany (the later provinces of Germania Superior … Continue reading

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Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ The Land since 1945

Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ The Land since 1945   When the Second World War ended the main body of Bavaria was placed in the American Zone of Occupation, but the detached Palatinate lands west of the Rhine were in the French Zone.   So … Continue reading

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Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ The Kingdom of Bavaria

Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ The Kingdom of Bavaria Between 1803 and 1810 Germany was reshaped.   Bavaria was one of the greatest gainers of territory.   By 1810 it had acquired all the other members of the Bavarian Imperial Circle, the last … Continue reading

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