Category Archives: United Kingdom

Corsica

CORSICA   CORSE. Island in the western Mediterranean, north of Sardinia. [For the Département(s) and Region, see CORSE]. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Corsica became part of the Vandal Kingdom, which held the Tunisian coast-lands and many of the … Continue reading

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Corfu

CORFU   KÉRKIRA; Kerkyra. #96447383 / gettyimages.com The second largest and northernmost of the Ionian Islands, except for some very small ones;  its northeasternmost shores are separated by a narrow channel from Albania. It forms a nome or department in present-day … Continue reading

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Channel Islands

CHANNEL ISLANDS   Les Îles normandes. Islands in the English Channel off the west coast of the Cotentin (usually called the Cherbourg peninsula in English). They became part of the Duchy of Normandy in 933, and so belonged to William I … Continue reading

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Cerigo

CERIGO   Italian form of KÍTHIRA (Cythera, old spelling) Greek island off the coast of the southeastern Peloponnese (said to be the island where Aphrodite rose from the waves). After the Fourth Crusade and the destruction of the Byzantine Empire in … Continue reading

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Bessin

BESSIN Coastal pays in Lower Normandy, around the city of Bayeux, the seat of a Bishop in the province of Rouen.   Scene of most of the Normandy landings in 1944.

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Berlin

BERLIN Capital of the Electorate of Brandenburg, of the Kingdom of Prussia, and eventually of united Germany; the city is also a Land in the German Federal Republic. Berlin began as two small towns, Berlin and Kölln, on the River … Continue reading

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Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ The Land since 1945

Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ The Land since 1945   When the Second World War ended the main body of Bavaria was placed in the American Zone of Occupation, but the detached Palatinate lands west of the Rhine were in the French Zone.   So … Continue reading

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Battenberg

BATTENBERG Town near the River Eder, NNW of Marburg, in Hessen in central Germany.  It belonged to the County of Wittgenstein, and was held by the Wittgenstein-Battenberg branch of the family, which died out in the early 13th century.  In  … Continue reading

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Balearic Islands

BALEARIC ISLANDS    ISLAS BALEARES (Sp), ILLES BALEARS (Catalan). Islands of the western Mediterranean, a province and an autonomous community (PM) in Spain, capital Palma de Mallorca. The islands were seized by the Vandals in 423, and recovered by the Byzantine … Continue reading

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Aurigny

AURIGNY French name of ALDERNEY.

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Atlantic Archipelago

ATLANTIC ARCHIPELAGO A name used for the BRITISH ISLES by those who believe the normal term has overtones of British supremacy over Ireland.

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Armenia

ARMENIA   HAYASDAN; Armeniya (Russian). An  immense region in western Asia, much of it a plateau, to the southeast of the Black Sea and the southwest of the Caspian, including Mount Ararat, the upper course of the River Euphrates, the upper … Continue reading

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Archangel

ARCHANGEL    ARKHANGELSK. An Imperial province and modern region (oblast) in the north of European Russia.   The province, formed in the reign of Peter the Great, was of gigantic area, though tiny in population.   It extended from the Kola peninsula to … Continue reading

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Anglesey

ANGLESEY   MON. (1) Island off the northwestern coast of Wales; (2) a county, which included Holy Island, close to the western coast of Anglesey, until 1974;  and (3) a unitary authority (as the ISLE OF ANGLESEY) from 1996. Anglesey was conquered … Continue reading

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Alderney

ALDERNEY   Aurigny. The third largest of the Channel Islands, and a dependency of Guernsey.

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