Category Archives: Switzerland

Constance ~ Imperial Free City

CONSTANCE, Imperial Free City.   KONSTANZ. City of southern Germany, on the Rhine as it flows from Lake Constance (Bodensee) into the smaller lake, Untersee;  the old city is on the southern bank of the river. Constance was the seat of … Continue reading

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Constance ~ Bishopric

CONSTANCE, Bishopric.   KONSTANZ. From the early 7th century there was a Bishop in Constance, a city of southern Germany, which stands at the outlet to the lake of that name (Bodensee in German). The diocese was originally in the province … Continue reading

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Como

COMO City of northern Italy, on the southern shore of the lake that bears its name, NNW of Milan; A province of modern Italy The Bishop of Como had committal powers in the early years of the Holy Roman Empire.   … Continue reading

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Coire

COIRE French form of CHUR. Related articles Thailand Army chief announces military coup, constitution suspended – Fox News

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Chur

CHUR    Quera (Romansch); Caira (It); Coire (Fr). Diocese in the old Roman province of Rhaetia, including most of the present Swiss Canton of Graubünden (the upper valleys of the Rhine and the Inn) and also the upper valley of the … Continue reading

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Chablais

CHABLAIS Region lying south of Lake Geneva It belonged to the County of Savoy from its early days in the 11th century.   At that time the region was known as New Chablais, the original Chablais being the lands either side … Continue reading

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Büsingen

BÜSINGEN An enclave of German territory within Switzerland, north of the Rhine and east of Schaffhausen.  It was a fragment of Austrian territory until 1805, when it passed to Württemberg, in 1810 to Baden, and is now in Baden-Württemberg.

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Burgundy ~ Kingdom

BURGUNDY ~ Kingdom    La BOURGOGNE (Fr); BURGUND (Ger). There were several Kingdoms of Burgundy, of which the original Germanic Kingdom is called la Burgundie in French;  the Kingdom from 888 until 933, when it absorbed Provence, is called Transjurane or Upper … Continue reading

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Breisgau

BREISGAU Region in the southwestern corner of Germany, once a Frankish county.  The name is used particularly for the Habsburg possessions in that region;  it was also the name of a short-lived Duchy, 1801-5.   The name comes from Breisach, which … Continue reading

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Biel/Bienne

BIEL     BIENNE. The town, now in northwest Switzerland, lies at the foot of the Jura Mountains and to the northeast of Lake Biel (Bielersee). It was founded by the Bishop of Basle, and remained part of the Prince-Bishopric at least … Continue reading

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Bern

BERN    BERNE (the French spelling remains the normal English one as well).    Imperial Free City; Canton (BE). In west central Switzerland. Now the capital of Switzerland, the city, protected by a great loop in the River Aare, was founded … Continue reading

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Bellinzona

BELLINZONA    Bellenz. District around the town of Bellinzona, on the River Ticino, now in southern Switzerland; A Canton in the Helvetic Republic. Bellinzona was held by the Count of Misox in the early 15th century.   In 1419 he sold it … Continue reading

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Basle ~ Bishopric

BASLE ~ Bishopric (For city/canton see BASEL) Diocese, which in the middle ages belonged to the province of Besançon.   Its teritory now lies in Switzerland, France and Germany. The see was established in the 4th century at Augusta Rauracorum (now Augst), … Continue reading

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Basle

BASLE The normal English spelling for the Swiss city of BASEL and pronounced similarly to the French Bâle.  For the canton, see BASEL ;  for the Bishopric, see BASLE ~ Bishopric.  

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Basel-Stadt

BASEL-STADT   Bâle-ville. Half-Canton (BS) consisting of the City of Basel, formed in 1833, 12th in precedence, 26th in area and 14th in population.   The smallest of all the members of the Swiss Confederation, it is the most densely populated.

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