Countries that the Region has historic or territorial links.Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark England Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Luxemburg Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Scotland Serbia Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Uncategorized United Kingdom Wales
Regional ThemesAdriatic Sea Alps Alsace ANATOLIA Ancien Régime Apulia Aquitaine Atlantic Ocean Auvergne baden Baden-Württemberg Balkan Barcelona Bavaria Berlin Bern Black Sea Bohemia Brandenburg Burgundy Byzantine Byzantine Empire Cantabrian Mountains Champagne Cisalpine Republic Count of Barcelona Czechoslovakia Danube Duchy of Brunswick Duke of Burgundy Elbe Garonne Gascony German Confederation Gwynedd Habsburg Hanover Harz Holy Roman Empire House of Habsburg Imperial Free City Kingdom of Burgundy Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of León Lake Constance Loire Lombard Lord Lieutenant Lower Bavaria Lower Normandy Magdeburg Margrave Massif Central Milan Napoleon Normandy Ottoman Empire Paris Peloponnese Powys Provence Prussia Pyrenees Rhine Roman Rome Saxony Sicily Southern Italy Soviet Union Swabia Transylvania Upper Bavaria Venice Vichy France
Category Archives: Romania
CRAIOVA The west of the Principality of Wallachia (now the southwestern region in Romania) was sometimes called the Banat of Craiova, from its capital, a city on the River Jiu, which flows southwards from the Transylvanian Alps to the Danube. … Continue reading
CONSTANȚA Province of eastern Romania, lying between the northward-flowing Danube and the Black Sea, and named after the port on the Black Sea. It is in the Dobrudja, which was ceded to Romania in 1878 by the Ottoman Empire.
CLUJ Județ (county) in northwestern Romania, named after one of the most important cities of Transylvania, gained from Hungary 1918/20 and temporarily returned in 1940-4 (the Hungarian county was called Kolosz). The city of Cluj is called Kolozsvár in Magyar … Continue reading
CIUC Inter-war county in Romania, which included the upper reaches of the River Olt, a tributary of the Danube. Before 1918-19, it was the Hungarian county of Csík, in eastern Transylvania, and was temporarily returned to Hungary, 1940-4. The capital, … Continue reading
CÎMPULUNG Inter-war county in northern Romania, in the southern Bukovina, named after the town of Cîmpulung Moldovonesc, on the River Moldova, tributary of the Seret, west of Suceava. (There is also a town of Cîmpulung in Wallachia, capital of the … Continue reading
CETATEA ALBĂ The easternmost judeţ (county) in inter-war Romania, bounded by the Dniester to the north and the Black Sea to the east. It had earlier belonged to the Ottoman district of Bujak and the Russian province of Bessarabia, and … Continue reading
CERNĂUȚI Northernmost județ (county) in inter-war Romania. named after the city – Chernivtsi (Ukr); Chernovtsy (Rus); Czernowitz (Ger). Was the capital of Bukovina in the Austrian Empire until 1918 and is now the capital of the region of Chernivtsi in … Continue reading
CARAŞ Inter-war județ (county) in western Romania, before 1918 part of the Hungarian county (megye) of Krasso-Szöreny, the eastern county in the Banat. After various changes in the postwar period the counties in the Romanian Banat have been two in … Continue reading
CALIACRA Southeasternmost county of Romania, 1913-1940. Part of the Southern Dobrudja, Bulgarian before 1913 and since 1940.
CÃLARÃŞI Romanian județ (county) southeast of Bucharest, formed when the Bucharest region was reorganised.
CAHUL County in Romania between the world wars, a part of Bessarabia. It lay east of the River Prut and south of Kishinev. Russian pre-1918, Soviet post-1940/1944, now in Moldova.
BYZANTINE EMPIRE Also called in English the Eastern Roman Empire, the Later RomanEmpire, or from the Latin name of the Greek city of Byzantion, site of the later Constantinople, BYZANTIUM. 1. Origins. The Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the … Continue reading
BUZÃU County in southeast central Romania (formerly part of Wallachia), on the southern slopes of the Transylvanian Alps. Named after its capital, which is northeast of Bucharest.
BUKOVINA BUKOVYNA (Ukr); BUCOVINA (Rom); Buchenland (Ger). Region now mostly in the southern part of the western Ukraine but partly in northeastern Romania. It lies between the Carpathians and the River Dniester, contains the upper waters of the River Siret … Continue reading
BUGEAC Romanian name for BUJAK.