Category Archives: Ukraine

Chernigov

CHERNIGOV   CHERNIHIV (Ukr);  Czernihòw (Pol). A medieval Russian Principality; A Russian province; A Soviet and now Ukrainian oblast (region).  Named after the city of Chernigov (now Chernihiv), which is northeast of Kiev and stands on the River Desna, a tributary … Continue reading

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Chełm

CHEŁM Kholm (Rus). Voivodship (Województwo chełmskie), 1975-99, in eastern Poland, lying on the border with Ukraine and, for a short distance, Belorussia, across the River Bug. It was named after its capital, which is east of Lublin and south of … Continue reading

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Cetatea Albă

CETATEA ALBĂ The easternmost judeţ  (county) in inter-war Romania, bounded by the Dniester to the north and the Black Sea to the east. It had earlier belonged to the Ottoman district of Bujak and the Russian province of Bessarabia, and … Continue reading

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Cernăuți

CERNĂUȚI Northernmost județ (county) in inter-war Romania. named after the city – Chernivtsi (Ukr); Chernovtsy (Rus); Czernowitz (Ger). Was the capital of Bukovina in the Austrian Empire until 1918 and is now the capital of the region of Chernivtsi in … Continue reading

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Central Lithuania

CENTRAL LITHUANIA   Middle Lithuania. Region around Vilnius, the medieval and present capital of Lithuania. Vilnius is now in the east of Lithuania, but the region was “central” in respect of the Great Principality of Lithuania of the later middle ages, … Continue reading

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Carpatho-Ukraine

CARPATHO-UKRAINE One of the federal republics in post-Munich Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, and an ephemeral state – for one day in March 1939.   It lay at the eastern end of the Czechoslovakia that had emerged out of the collapse of Austria-Hungary, further … Continue reading

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Byelogorod

BYELOGOROD Alternative spelling of  BELGOROD.

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Bukovina

BUKOVINA     BUKOVYNA (Ukr);  BUCOVINA (Rom);  Buchenland (Ger). Region now mostly in the southern part of the western Ukraine but partly in northeastern Romania.   It lies between the Carpathians and the River Dniester, contains the upper waters of the River Siret … Continue reading

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Bujak

BUJAK     BUDZHAK (Rus and Ukr);  BUGEAC (Rum);  Bucak (Tk). Region on the Black Sea coast, now in Ukraine, lying between the lowest course of the Danube, including its delta, and the estuary of the Dniester. It was part of the … Continue reading

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Bratslav

BRATSLAV   BRACŁAW (Pol). Palatinate in the Polish Kingdom, on both banks of the River Southern Bug or Boh, named after its capital, which is on the Bug, southeast of Vinnytsia. The lands of the Palatinate of Bratslav formed the east … Continue reading

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Bessarabia

BESSARABIA     BASARABIA (Romanian);  BESSARABIIA (Russian). Region between the Rivers Pruth and Dniester, extending north- and northwestwards from the northern arm of the Danube delta to the district around Khotyn in the northwest; A province in Tsarist Russia, 1812-1917; A part … Continue reading

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Bereg

BEREG Former county in the north of the Kingdom of Hungary, lying north of the River Tisza.   It lay in Royal Hungary, the Habsburg-ruled part, from 1526, but was one of the counties temporarily detached to Transylvania in the … Continue reading

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Bełz

BEŁZ     Belzas (Lith); BELZ (Ukr). A Palatinate in the Kingdom of Poland before the partitions in the 18th century, named from its capital, which is now in western Ukraine, southeast of Lublin and west of the River Bug. Bełz belonged … Continue reading

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Belgorod

BELGOROD     Byelogorod (older spelling). Oblast (administrative region) in southwestern Russia, bordering on the Ukraine, and named after its capital, which is NNE of Kharkov and SSE of Kursk.  It lies in the region of the upper Donets, which came under … Continue reading

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Basarabia

BASARABIA Romanian form of BESSARABIA.

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