Tag Archives: Pyrenees

Conflent

CONFLENT County in the Spanish March of the Frankish Kingdom, but its lands are now in France.   They lie in the eastern Pyrenees, between Cerdanya and the coastal plain of Roussillon, and are drained by the River Têt.   Villefranche de … Continue reading

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Comminges

COMMINGES   Or, Cominges. Former French County in the central Pyrenees, on the upper Garonne; A bishopric in the province of Auch. 1. It is believed that the County was founded in the 9th century by a son of Aznar Sanchez, … Continue reading

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Cerdanya

CERDANYA     (Catalan); CERDAGNE (Fr); Cerdaña (Sp). County in the Spanish March, in the Pyrenees, lying east and southeast of Andorra. The Counts belonged to a branch of the  family of the Counts of Barcelona. Their line died out in 1117, … Continue reading

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Catalonia

CATALONIA   CATALUNYA; Cataluña (Castilian/Spanish). Former principality and province, and present-day autonomous Community in the north of eastern Spain.   Bordering on France, it includes the eastern Pyrenees, and its Mediterranean coast extends northeastwards, then northwards, from a little south of the … Continue reading

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Bigorre

BIGORRE Medieval County in the west central Pyrenees in southern France; in the basin of the upper Adour, and lying between Béarn (to the west) and Comminges.  Its capital was Tarbes, which was also the seat of a Bishop. The … Continue reading

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Besalú

BESALÚ County of the Spanish March, named after a town in the northeastern corner of Spain, northwest of Gerona, on the River Fluvia as it emerges from the Pyrenees. Besalú was held by a branch of the family of the … Continue reading

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Béarn

BÉARN A pays in southern Gascony in southwestern France, in the western Pyrenees, lying between Bigorre (to the east) and the Basque districts of Basse-Navarre and Soule (to the west): A medieval Vicomté; With Navarre, a gouvernement in the Ancien … Continue reading

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Basse-Navarre

BASSE-NAVARRE     Lower Navarre; BENAPAROA (Basque).   The part of the Kingdom of Navarre that lay north of the Pyrenees;  in the united Kingdom it formed the district of Ultrapuentos, beyond the passes. After 1512, when Ferdinand II conquered Spanish Navarre, Basse-Navarre … Continue reading

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Barcelona

BARCELONA County of northeastern Spain, originally in the Frankish Kingdom; A province (B) in modern Spain. Named after the city on the Mediterranean Sea, lying north of the mouth of the River Llobregat. In the second half of the 8th … Continue reading

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Aure

AURE County in the western Pyrenees in southwestern France, consisting of the valleys of  Aure, Basse Neste and Barousse. It was held by a cadet branch of the Counts of Bigorre, passing by marriage at the end of the 12th … Continue reading

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Auch

AUCH An Archbishopric; A généralité during the Ancien Régime in southwestern France.   The city of Auch, which stands on the River Gers, was formerly the capital of the County of Armagnac, and since 1790 of the Department of the … Continue reading

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Astarac

ASTARAC A small medieval County in eastern Gascony in southwestern France, southwest of Auch;  now in the south of the Gers department. In 937 it was given to a younger son of Duke Garcia Sancho of Gascony, and was held … Continue reading

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Aragón

ARAGÓN A County in the Pyrenees; A Kingdom in the east of the Iberian peninsula; An 18th century Spanish province; A present-day autonomous community.   The name comes from the River Aragón, which rises in the west central Pyrenees, and … Continue reading

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Aquitania

AQUITANIA    Or, Aquitanica. Roman province in southwestern Gaul. The original Roman province, which was formed before Caesar’s conquest of Gaul, lay between the Pyrenees and the River Garonne below its confluence with the Tarn.  It included the upper reaches of … Continue reading

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Aquitane

AQUITAINE Roman province (see AQUITANIA); Duchy, Kingdom, and sub-Kingdom in the Frankish era; Medieval Duchy;   Modern administrative region – in southwestern France. The extent of Aquitaine has varied greatly, from the days of the Romans onwards.   They first used … Continue reading

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