Countries that the Region has historic or territorial links.Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark England Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Luxemburg Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Scotland Serbia Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Uncategorized United Kingdom Wales
Regional ThemesAdriatic Sea Alps Alsace ANATOLIA Ancien Régime Apulia Aquitaine Atlantic Ocean Auvergne baden Baden-Württemberg Balkan Barcelona Bavaria Berlin Bern Black Sea Bohemia Brandenburg Burgundy Byzantine Byzantine Empire Cantabrian Mountains Champagne Cisalpine Republic Count of Barcelona Czechoslovakia Danube Duchy of Brunswick Duke of Burgundy Elbe Garonne Gascony German Confederation Gwynedd Habsburg Hanover Harz Holy Roman Empire House of Habsburg Imperial Free City Kingdom of Burgundy Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of León Lake Constance Loire Lombard Lord Lieutenant Lower Bavaria Lower Normandy Magdeburg Margrave Massif Central Milan Napoleon Normandy Ottoman Empire Peloponnese Powys Provence Prussia Pyrenees Rhine Roman Roman province Rome Saxony Sicily Southern Italy Soviet Union Swabia Transylvania Upper Bavaria Venice Vichy France
Category Archives: Scotland
CRAIL A Royal Burgh on the North Sea coast of Fife, Crail was the seat of a Sheriffdom in eastern Scotland, which appeared some time in the period 1154/78, at a time when the King’s mother held the area. By … Continue reading
COWAL Ancient district in western Scotland, the peninsula that lies between Loch Fyne, on the one hand, and Loch Goil, Loch Long and the Firth of Clyde, on the other. It belonged to the Scottish Kingdom of Dariada, and was … Continue reading
CLACKMANNANSHIRE Or, Clackmannan. Scottish county until 1975; A district 1975-96; A unitary authority from 1996. It lies between the River Forth and the Ochil Hills in central Scotland. It was the smallest of the 33 counties of Scotland, and perhaps … Continue reading
CENTRAL Scottish region formed in 1975 from Stirlingshire, Clackmannan and the southwest of Perthshire. It was divided into three districts, Falkirk, Clackmannan and Stirling. These became the unitary authorities of Falkirk, Clackmannanshire and Stirlingshire when Central Region was abolished in … Continue reading
CE Pictish province, named after a son of the legendary Cruithne, King of the Picts. The province included Buchan and Mar and was very roughly the later Aberdeenshire.
CAT Or, CAITT. Legendary Gaelic prince and province. See CAITHNESS.
CALEDONIA Roman name for the lands beyond the Forth-Clyde valley.
CAITHNESS Pictish province in northernmost mainland Scotland; A county in the northeast of that region, which still survives as a ceremonial county; A district in the Highland Region, 1975-96. Its name meant headland of Caitt. Caitt (or Cat) was one … Continue reading
BUTESHIRE County in the Firth of Clyde in southwestern Scotland, consisting the islands of Bute and Arran and some smaller islands. In area it was 29th of the 33 Scottish counties and 30th in population. In 1975 it became part … Continue reading
BUTE Island in the Firth of Clyde, once part of Buteshire, now in the Argyll & Bute unitary authority in western Scotland. The island belonged to the Norse Kingdom of the Isles, but it was lost some time in the … Continue reading
BUCHAN Province in northeastern Scotland, at the eastern end of the shoulder of Scotland, south of the Moray Firth. It lay between the Rivers Don and Deveron and had been the north of the Pictish province of Ce. Ce was … Continue reading
BRITANNIA The Roman province (and later diocese) that included most of the later England and all of Wales, and at its greatest extent reached into central Scotland. It was called after the people living there. By the reign of Septimus … Continue reading
BREADALBANE Historical district in the central Highlands of Scotland, in the region of the upper Tay. Its name means top end of Alban, Alban being Scotland north of the Forth-Clyde valley.
BORDERS The southeastern region of Scotland, formed in 1975 from the counties of Berwickshire, Roxburghshire, Peebleshire and Selkirkshire plus the southern part of the county of Midlothian. It was the 6th in size but the smallest in population of the … Continue reading
BERWICK-UPON-TWEED More generally, Berwick-on-Tweed. Town in the northeastern corner of England, but at the time of its greatest prosperity, in the southeastern corner of Scotland. The boundary between the two countries had been fixed in 1018 at the River Tweed, … Continue reading