Tag Archives: Transylvania

Cluj

CLUJ Județ (county) in northwestern Romania, named after one of the most important cities of Transylvania, gained from Hungary 1918/20 and temporarily returned in 1940-4 (the Hungarian county was called Kolosz). The city of Cluj is called Kolozsvár in Magyar … Continue reading

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Ciuc

CIUC Inter-war county in Romania, which included the upper reaches of the River Olt, a tributary of the Danube. Before 1918-19, it was the Hungarian county of Csík, in eastern Transylvania, and was temporarily returned to Hungary, 1940-4. The capital, … Continue reading

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Buzãu

BUZÃU   County in southeast central Romania (formerly part of Wallachia), on the southern slopes of the Transylvanian Alps. Named after its capital, which is northeast of Bucharest.

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Braşov

BRAŞOV County in central Romania;  once part of Transylvania, before 1918/20 it was the Hungarian county of BRASSÓ.   The county is named after the city of Braşov, which lies north of the Predeal Pass through the Transylvanian Alps.  Its German … Continue reading

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Borsod

BORSOD  Megye (county) in northeastern Hungary until 1918, extending northwestwards from the River Tisza.   Its capital was Miskolc.   It lay in Royal Hungary, the Habsburg-ruled part, from 1526, but was one of the counties temporarily detached to Transylvania in the … Continue reading

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Bistriþa-Nãsãud

BISTRIÞA-NÃSÃUD Județ (county) in northern Romania, northeast of Cluj, which takes its its name from the towns of Bistriþa, or Bistritsa, the capital, and Nãsãud, northwest of Bistriþa (the county was simply called Nãsãud, 1918-40). It became Romanian in 1919, … Continue reading

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Beszterce-Naszód

BESZTERCE-NASZÓD Megye (county) in the Kingdom of Hungary before 1918, in the northeast of Transylvania and bordering the Austrian Crownland of Bukovina, named after two of its towns.   It became Romanian in 1918, but was temporarily restored to Hungary in … Continue reading

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Bereg

BEREG Former county in the north of the Kingdom of Hungary, lying north of the River Tisza.   It lay in Royal Hungary, the Habsburg-ruled part, from 1526, but was one of the counties temporarily detached to Transylvania in the … Continue reading

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Arad

ARAD County in Hungary before 1919-20 and in western Romania since.   It is named after the town of Arad, which is north of Timisoara and east of Szeged, and stands on the River Mures, a tributary of the Tisza.   Its … Continue reading

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Alba (Romania)

ALBA (Romania)  Județ (county) in west central Romania, drained by the River Mures, a tributary of the Tisza and named after its capital, Alba Iulia – Gyulafehérvár (Magyar) or Karlsburg (Ger) – which is northwest of Sibiu.  A part of … Continue reading

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