Countries that the Region has historic or territorial links.Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark England Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Luxemburg Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Scotland Serbia Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Uncategorized United Kingdom Wales
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Category Archives: Turkey
CRIMEA KRYM; Krim (Tk). Peninsula in the northern Black Sea, called by the ancient Greeks Chersonesus Taurica, the peninsula of the Tauri (the people living there). The southern shores of the peninsula were colonised intermittently by Greeks and Byzantines, the northern lands were … Continue reading
CRETE KRÍTI; Creta (Lat); Candia (It); Girit (Tk). Island in the eastern Mediterranean (the fifth largest Mediterranean island) and the southernmost region of Greece. It was part of the Roman Empire, forming a province with Cyrenaica on the north African coast until … Continue reading
CORINTH KÓRINTHOS. Nome (department) in the northeast Peloponnese, between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf, in the Peloponnese Region, and named after the city on the isthmus between the two Gulfs. Before 1899 and during part of the … Continue reading
CORFU KÉRKIRA; Kerkyra. #96447383 / gettyimages.com The second largest and northernmost of the Ionian Islands, except for some very small ones; its northeasternmost shores are separated by a narrow channel from Albania. It forms a nome or department in present-day … Continue reading
CONSTANTINOPLE The city built by the Emperor Constantine the Great on the site of the Greek city of Byzantion (Byzantium to the Romans) as capital for the Eastern Roman Empire – the new Rome. It was capital for the Roman … Continue reading
CONSTANȚA Province of eastern Romania, lying between the northward-flowing Danube and the Black Sea, and named after the port on the Black Sea. It is in the Dobrudja, which was ceded to Romania in 1878 by the Ottoman Empire.
ÇIRMEN Ottoman sanjak (administative district) between the Rhodope and Balkan Mountains, to the west of Edirne and the east of Plovdiv.
CIRCASSIA Region in the northwest Caucasus. The West and East Circassian languages (Adygei and Kabardian) together with Abkhaz and Abazanian constitute the Northwest Caucasus language group. The Russian Principality of Tmutorokan, in the region between the Sea of Azov and … Continue reading
CHIOS KHÍOS. Eastern Aegean island, lying west of the peninsula near Izmir (Smyrna) in western Anatolia and north of the Dodecanese; A nome (department) in Greece. It was generally Byzantine before 1204, though the Arabs held it in the 670s … Continue reading
CEZAYIR al-Cezayir, The Islands. Ottoman province, first formed in 1533, under the authority of the Grand Admiral and consisting of the islands of the Aegean, the region around Izmir, some of the lands bordering the Straits, central Greece, and the … Continue reading
CETATEA ALBĂ The easternmost judeţ (county) in inter-war Romania, bounded by the Dniester to the north and the Black Sea to the east. It had earlier belonged to the Ottoman district of Bujak and the Russian province of Bessarabia, and … Continue reading
CERIGO Italian form of KÍTHIRA (Cythera, old spelling) Greek island off the coast of the southeastern Peloponnese (said to be the island where Aphrodite rose from the waves). After the Fourth Crusade and the destruction of the Byzantine Empire in … Continue reading
CARABISIANI KARABISIANON. One of the earliest themes (military region, which became an administrative district as well) in the Byzantine Empire, created in the 7th century. It was a maritime theme and covered the southern coastal regions of Asia Minor and … Continue reading
ÇANNAKKALE Present-day Turkish province on both the European and Asiatic sides of the Dardanelles, named after its capital on the Asiatic shore, earlier known as Chanak. The Dardanelles are called Çanakkale Boğazı in Turkish.