Category Archives: Turkey

Crimea

CRIMEA KRYM; Krim (Tk). Peninsula in the northern Black Sea, called by the ancient Greeks Chersonesus Taurica, the peninsula of the Tauri (the people living there). The southern shores of the peninsula were colonised intermittently by Greeks and Byzantines, the northern lands were … Continue reading

Posted in Greece, Italy, Poland, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine | Tagged , , | 1 Comment

Crete

CRETE KRÍTI; Creta (Lat); Candia (It); Girit (Tk). Island in the eastern Mediterranean (the fifth largest Mediterranean island) and the southernmost region of Greece. It was part of the Roman Empire, forming a province with Cyrenaica on the north African coast until … Continue reading

Posted in Austria, England, Germany, Greece, Italy, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Corinth

CORINTH   KÓRINTHOS. Nome (department) in the northeast Peloponnese, between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf, in the Peloponnese Region, and named after the city on the isthmus between the two Gulfs. Before 1899 and during part of the … Continue reading

Posted in Greece, Italy, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Corfu

CORFU   KÉRKIRA; Kerkyra. #96447383 / gettyimages.com The second largest and northernmost of the Ionian Islands, except for some very small ones;  its northeasternmost shores are separated by a narrow channel from Albania. It forms a nome or department in present-day … Continue reading

Posted in Albania, Greece, Italy, Turkey, United Kingdom | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Constantinople

CONSTANTINOPLE The city built by the Emperor Constantine the Great on the site of the Greek city of Byzantion (Byzantium to the Romans) as capital for the Eastern Roman Empire – the new Rome. It was capital for the Roman … Continue reading

Posted in Greece, Italy, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Constanța

CONSTANȚA Province of eastern Romania, lying between the northward-flowing Danube and the Black Sea, and named after the port on the Black Sea.   It is in the Dobrudja, which was ceded to Romania in 1878 by the Ottoman Empire.

Posted in Romania, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Çirmen

ÇIRMEN Ottoman sanjak (administative district) between the Rhodope and Balkan Mountains, to the west of Edirne and the east of Plovdiv.

Posted in Turkey | Leave a comment

Circassia

CIRCASSIA Region in the northwest Caucasus. The West and East Circassian languages (Adygei and Kabardian) together with Abkhaz and Abazanian constitute the Northwest Caucasus language group. The Russian Principality of Tmutorokan, in the region between the Sea of Azov and … Continue reading

Posted in Russia, Turkey | Leave a comment

Chios

CHIOS   KHÍOS. Eastern Aegean island, lying west of the peninsula near Izmir (Smyrna) in western Anatolia and north of the Dodecanese; A nome (department) in Greece. It was generally Byzantine before 1204, though the Arabs held it in the 670s … Continue reading

Posted in Greece, Italy, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Cezayir

CEZAYIR   al-Cezayir, The Islands. Ottoman province, first formed in 1533, under the authority of the Grand Admiral and consisting of the islands of the Aegean, the region around Izmir, some of the lands bordering the Straits, central Greece, and the … Continue reading

Posted in Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Turkey | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Cetatea Albă

CETATEA ALBĂ The easternmost judeţ  (county) in inter-war Romania, bounded by the Dniester to the north and the Black Sea to the east. It had earlier belonged to the Ottoman district of Bujak and the Russian province of Bessarabia, and … Continue reading

Posted in Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Cerigo

CERIGO   Italian form of KÍTHIRA (Cythera, old spelling) Greek island off the coast of the southeastern Peloponnese (said to be the island where Aphrodite rose from the waves). After the Fourth Crusade and the destruction of the Byzantine Empire in … Continue reading

Posted in France, Greece, Italy, Russia, Turkey, United Kingdom | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Carabisiani

CARABISIANI   KARABISIANON. One of the earliest themes (military region, which became an administrative district as well) in the Byzantine Empire, created in the 7th century. It was a maritime theme and covered the southern coastal regions of Asia Minor and … Continue reading

Posted in Greece, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Çannakkale

ÇANNAKKALE Present-day Turkish province on both the European and Asiatic sides of the Dardanelles, named after its capital on the Asiatic shore, earlier known as Chanak. The Dardanelles are called Çanakkale Boğazı in Turkish.

Posted in Turkey | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Bursa

BURSA Province in Turkey-in-Asia, which is bounded in the north by the Sea of Marmara.   It is named after its capital, BRUSA or BRUSSA in Greek, anciently PRUSA, an inland city.  It fell to the Ottomans in 1326, the first … Continue reading

Posted in Turkey | Leave a comment