Category Archives: Slovakia

Carpatho-Ukraine

CARPATHO-UKRAINE One of the federal republics in post-Munich Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, and an ephemeral state – for one day in March 1939.   It lay at the eastern end of the Czechoslovakia that had emerged out of the collapse of Austria-Hungary, further … Continue reading

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Carniola

CARNIOLA    KRAIN  (Ger); KRANJSKA (Slovene). A Mark on the southeastern borders of the Holy Roman Empire; An Austrian Crownland; Briefly a province of the French Empire. Most of it lay in the upper basin of the River Sava, which rose … Continue reading

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Carinthian Mark

CARINTHIAN MARK   KÄRNTNER MARK.   Also called the CARANTANIAN MARK. District in the east of the Duchy of Carinthia in the 10th and 11th centuries, protecting its eastern flank. Adalbero of Eppenstein, who held the Mark in 1011, was promoted to … Continue reading

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Bratislava

BRATISLAVA   POSZONY (Magyar); PRESSBURG (Ger). The capital of Slovakia.   Since 1969 it has formed a separate administrative district from the kraj of Západoslovenský (South Slovakia), though it remains its capital. As Poszony it was the capital of a Hungarian county named … Continue reading

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Borsod

BORSOD  Megye (county) in northeastern Hungary until 1918, extending northwestwards from the River Tisza.   Its capital was Miskolc.   It lay in Royal Hungary, the Habsburg-ruled part, from 1526, but was one of the counties temporarily detached to Transylvania in the … Continue reading

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Bohemia-Moravia

BOHEMIA-MORAVIA    PROTEKTORAT BÖHMEN UND MAHREN. Territory subservient to Nazi Germany, 1939-45. In the autumn of 1938 Czechoslovakia lost lands to Germany, Hungary and Poland, and became a loose federation, from which Slovakia seceded on 14th March 1939. President Hacha of … Continue reading

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Bohemia-Moravia

BOHEMIA-MORAVIA    PROTEKTORAT BÖHMEN UND MAHREN. Territory subservient to Nazi Germany, 1939-45. In the autumn of 1938 Czechoslovakia lost lands to Germany, Hungary and Poland, and became a loose federation, from which Slovakia seceded on 14th March 1939. President Hacha of … Continue reading

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Bielsko-Biała

BIELSKO-BIAŁA Voivodship (Województwo bielski), 1975-99, in southern Poland, southwest of Kraków, and bordering on both the Czech Republic and Slovakia;  named after its capital, which was originally two neighbouring towns, Bielsko (Bielitz in German) on the eastern edge of Austrian … Continue reading

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Bereg

BEREG Former county in the north of the Kingdom of Hungary, lying north of the River Tisza.   It lay in Royal Hungary, the Habsburg-ruled part, from 1526, but was one of the counties temporarily detached to Transylvania in the … Continue reading

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Bars

BARS County in the Kingdom of Hungary, lying between the Rivers Nitra and Hron, transferred to Czechoslovakia after the First World War and now in western Slovakia.

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Árva

ÁRVA   Magyar name of the northernmost county in the Kingdom of Hungary before 1918.  Orawa (Pol); Orava (Czech); Oravsko (Slovak). By a decision of the Conference of Ambassadors it was divided between Poland and Czechoslovakia (the larger part) in 1920.   … Continue reading

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Abaúj-Torna

ABAÚJ-TORNA   Abauj-Turña (Slovak). A county in the north of the Kingdom of Hungary.   It was drained by the River Hornád, a tributary of the Sajó, which itself flows to the River Tisza.   Its capital was Kassa (now Košice, the capital … Continue reading

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