Category Archives: Serbia

Chalcidice

CHALCIDICE    KHALKIDHÍKE. Greek peninsula in the Aegean Sea, itself having three peninsulas. It is southeast of Thessalonica, and generally shared the same fate as that city.   In the mid-14th century however the central and eastern districts of Chalcidice were in … Continue reading

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Cattaro

CATTARO    Italian name for the Montenegrin port of KOTOR. Like much of the Adriatic seaboard it remained Byzantine long after the interior was lost.  In the 11th century Cattaro was associated with the Principality of Duklja, a forerunner of Montenegro, … Continue reading

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Byzantine Empire

BYZANTINE EMPIRE   Also called in English the Eastern Roman Empire, the Later RomanEmpire, or from the Latin name of the Greek city of Byzantion, site of the later Constantinople, BYZANTIUM. 1. Origins. The Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the … Continue reading

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Bulgaria ~ Byzantine Themes

BULGARIA ~ Byzantine Themes Also see BULGARIA ~ Country Two Byzantine themes (military and civil provinces) in the western Balkans, one in the 10th century, the other during the 11th and 12th centuries, but with quite different territories. The first … Continue reading

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Bulgaria ~ Country

BULGARIA   BULGARIYA ~ Country See also BULGARIA ~ Byzantine themes Country in the eastern Balkans, south of the Danube, with coast on the Black Sea.   The language of the Bulgarians is Slavonic, a consequence of  the Slav incursions into the Balkans, … Continue reading

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Budin

BUDIN Turkish name for Buda (now part of Budapest) and also of an Ottoman eyalet (province) in the 17th century.   It lay on both sides of the Danube in the region of Buda, then extended along the right (western) bank … Continue reading

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Braničevo

BRANIČEVO District south of the Danube and east of the River Morava, now in Serbia, and named after a town and former fortress on the River Pek some way above its confluence with the Danube.   The town is no longer … Continue reading

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Bosnia-Hercegovina

BOSNIA-HERCEGOVINA;  BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA (Ger). A territory administered by Austria-Hungary, later annexed; A region within Yugoslavia, which formed one of the member Republics after 1946; An independent state since 1991. Under the terms of the Treaty of Berlin, July 1878, Bosnia-Herzegovina, though … Continue reading

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Beograd

BEOGRAD Serb form of BELGRADE.

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Belgrade

BELGRADE     BEOGRAD. City at the confluence of the Rivers Danube and Sava, capital of Serbia and Yugoslavia.  As the Roman city of Singidunum, it was the headquarters of the Danube fleet, and was, except when Dacia was held by Rome, … Continue reading

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Banság

BANSÁG Hungarian name of BANAT.

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Banat Bánság

BANAT  BÁNSÁG (Magyar). A region, formerly in the Kingdom of Hungary and now divided between Romania and Serbia, lying westwards from the Transylvanian Alps and bordered on the south, west and north by the Rivers Danube, Tisza, and Maros (Mureª). … Continue reading

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Baèka

BAÈKA  Bácska (Magyar) Serbo-Croat name (pronounced “Bachka”) of a district bounded by the Danube to the west and south and by the Tisza to the east;  now mainly in northwestern Serbia, though the north is in Hungary. It was in Ottoman Hungary until … Continue reading

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Antivari

ANTIVARI    Italian name of BAR, also called Tivari (Albanian), Antibarum (Latin) and Antibari A port in southern Montenegro, the last name mentioned above gives the meaning clearly, for it is on the opposite side of the Adriatic from Bari. It became … Continue reading

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Albania(1)

ALBANIA(1)    SHQIPËRIA. Independent country in the western Balkans since 1913, and a region before that of varying extent. 1. Origins.  Its inhabitants are generally believed to be the descendants of the Illyrians, who lived in much of the western … Continue reading

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