Category Archives: Spain

Crevillente

CREVILLENTE Small Muslim lordship in eastern Spain that survived the Reconquest of the 13th century. The town lies west of Elche (Elx), southwest of Alicante and northeast of Murcia, and is now in the province of Alicante (Alacant) in the … Continue reading

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Couserans

COUSERANS Or, Conserans. Vicomté in the central Pyrenees; A diocese, which belonged to the province of Auch. The Vicomté became separate in the late 10th century, when it was held by the younger son of a Count of Carcassone, as … Continue reading

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Corunna

CORUNNA The town and port, called A CORUÑA in Galician, LA CORUÑA in Spanish, and Corunna in English, is the capital of the northwesternmost province (C) of Spain, which is named after it. The province was formed in 1833 from … Continue reading

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Corsica

CORSICA   CORSE. Island in the western Mediterranean, north of Sardinia. [For the Département(s) and Region, see CORSE]. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Corsica became part of the Vandal Kingdom, which held the Tunisian coast-lands and many of the … Continue reading

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Córdoba

CÓRDOBA #dv564016 / gettyimages.com A Taifa Kingdom in Muslim Spain; An inland province (CO) in Andalucía in southern Spain, named after its capital, which stands on the River Guadalquivir. The city, called Corduba by the Romans, was the capital of … Continue reading

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Conflent

CONFLENT County in the Spanish March of the Frankish Kingdom, but its lands are now in France.   They lie in the eastern Pyrenees, between Cerdanya and the coastal plain of Roussillon, and are drained by the River Têt.   Villefranche de … Continue reading

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Comminges

COMMINGES   Or, Cominges. Former French County in the central Pyrenees, on the upper Garonne; A bishopric in the province of Auch. 1. It is believed that the County was founded in the 9th century by a son of Aznar Sanchez, … Continue reading

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Ciudad Real

CIUDAD REAL Province (CR) in central Spain, lying north of Andalucía and south of Toledo, named after its capital. It contains the upper course of the River Guadiana, which is formed by the uniting of several headstreams, several of which … Continue reading

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Charolais

CHAROLAIS    Or, Charollais. Medieval County in the south of French Burgundy, east of the Bourbonnais; An enclave of Habsburg territory within the borders of France, 1493-1659/1684. Charolles, its capital, is WNW of Macon, and southwest of Chalon-sur-Saône. Its Vicomte in … Continue reading

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Ceuta

CEUTA    Sebta (Arabic). An enclave of Spain on the Moroccan coast;  Cape Ceuta is the Pillar of Hercules opposite Gibraltar. The town belonged to the Vandal Kingdom, which was destroyed by Byzantium in 533.  Around the year 544 it was … Continue reading

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Cerdanya

CERDANYA     (Catalan); CERDAGNE (Fr); Cerdaña (Sp). County in the Spanish March, in the Pyrenees, lying east and southeast of Andorra. The Counts belonged to a branch of the  family of the Counts of Barcelona. Their line died out in 1117, … Continue reading

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Catalonia

CATALONIA   CATALUNYA; Cataluña (Castilian/Spanish). Former principality and province, and present-day autonomous Community in the north of eastern Spain.   Bordering on France, it includes the eastern Pyrenees, and its Mediterranean coast extends northeastwards, then northwards, from a little south of the … Continue reading

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Castilla y León

CASTILLA Y LEÓN     Inland autonomous community in northwestern and northern Spain, whose first parliament was elected in 1983, and whose government is called the Junta de Castilla y León.   Its capital is Valladolid. Practically all the Communities of Spain are … Continue reading

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Castilla-La Mancha

CASTILLA-LA MANCHA Autonomous Community in central Spain, its territory forming part of the Meseta, the great plateau of central Spain.   La Mancha, made famous by Cervantes, is a plateau in the south of the region.  In the northwest is the … Continue reading

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Castile

CASTILE   CASTILLA; Castille (French, but also used in English). County in northern Spain; A Kingdom which gradually extended into the greater part of the Iberian peninsula. It began as the County of Bardulia in the uppermost valley of the River … Continue reading

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