Category Archives: Bulgaria

Caliacra

CALIACRA Southeasternmost county of Romania, 1913-1940. Part of the Southern Dobrudja, Bulgarian before 1913 and since 1940.

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Byzantine Empire

BYZANTINE EMPIRE   Also called in English the Eastern Roman Empire, the Later RomanEmpire, or from the Latin name of the Greek city of Byzantion, site of the later Constantinople, BYZANTIUM. 1. Origins. The Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the … Continue reading

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Burgas

BURGAS Region in southeastern Bulgaria (in Eastern Rumelia, 1878-85), named from its capital, a port on a bay in the Black Sea.  The size of the region has fluctuated as the number of territorial units has varied.

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Bulgaria, Great

BULGARIA, GREAT See GREAT BULGARIA. link_to_follow

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Bulgaria ~ Byzantine Themes

BULGARIA ~ Byzantine Themes Also see BULGARIA ~ Country Two Byzantine themes (military and civil provinces) in the western Balkans, one in the 10th century, the other during the 11th and 12th centuries, but with quite different territories. The first … Continue reading

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Bulgaria ~ Country

BULGARIA   BULGARIYA ~ Country See also BULGARIA ~ Byzantine themes Country in the eastern Balkans, south of the Danube, with coast on the Black Sea.   The language of the Bulgarians is Slavonic, a consequence of  the Slav incursions into the Balkans, … Continue reading

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Braničevo

BRANIČEVO District south of the Danube and east of the River Morava, now in Serbia, and named after a town and former fortress on the River Pek some way above its confluence with the Danube.   The town is no longer … Continue reading

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Blagoevgrad

BLAGOEVGRAD Okrýg (province or district) in southwestern Bulgaria before 1987.   It lay at the western end of the Rhodope Mountains and included part of the valley of the Struma.  It was named after its capital, which had been called Gorna … Continue reading

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Belgrade

BELGRADE     BEOGRAD. City at the confluence of the Rivers Danube and Sava, capital of Serbia and Yugoslavia.  As the Roman city of Singidunum, it was the headquarters of the Danube fleet, and was, except when Dacia was held by Rome, … Continue reading

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Battenberg

BATTENBERG Town near the River Eder, NNW of Marburg, in Hessen in central Germany.  It belonged to the County of Wittgenstein, and was held by the Wittgenstein-Battenberg branch of the family, which died out in the early 13th century.  In  … Continue reading

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Albania(1)

ALBANIA(1)    SHQIPËRIA. Independent country in the western Balkans since 1913, and a region before that of varying extent. 1. Origins.  Its inhabitants are generally believed to be the descendants of the Illyrians, who lived in much of the western … Continue reading

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Adrianople

ADRIANOPLE   Greek name of the Turkish city of Edirne (Edreneh, old-fashioned spelling); Odria (Bulgarian). It stands at the confluence of the Rivers Maritsa and Tundzha, was anciently in Thrace, and was named after the Emperor Hadrian, who re-founded it. It … Continue reading

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