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Category Archives: Finland
BOTHNIA The medieval and early modern Swedish regions of West and East Bothnia (Västerbotten and Osterbotten) lay either side of the Gulf of Bothnia (Botten means valley bottom). In 1809 East Bothnia, with the rest of Finland, came under the … Continue reading
ÅLAND ISLANDS AHVENANMAA; Aaland Islands (in English, pronounced “Awland”). Group of approximately 6500 islands, 80 of them inhabited lying between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea and belonging to Finland. They belonged to Sweden until 1809, when they were ceded, … Continue reading
AHVENANMAA Present and Finnish name of the ÅLAND ISLANDS.
ÅBO-BJORNEBORG Province in southwestern Finland during Swedish and Russian rule, named after two of its cities, now the province of TURKU-PORI. Åbo (Turku) had been the capital of Finland until 1812.
AALAND ISLANDS See ÅLAND ISLANDS.