Category Archives: Ireland

Cork

CORK    Chorcaigh. #492551209 / gettyimages.com City in the south of Ireland, which stands where the River Lee meets the long Cork Harbour; The county of which the city is capital. The city and the harbour were held by the Northmen … Continue reading

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Connacht

CONNACHT    CONNAUGHT (Anglicised). The province of western Ireland, lying between Donegal Bay and Galway Bay, with the middle Shannon forming much of its eastern boundary. Connacht was one of the early Kingdoms of Ireland – its name is said to … Continue reading

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Clare ~ Irish County

CLARE, Irish county.   An Chláire. Co. Clare lies in the northwest of the province of Munster, in the southwest of Ireland. It lies north of the estuary of the River Shannon, and has a coastline on Galway Bay. In Gaelic … Continue reading

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Cavan

CAVAN   Cabháin. County in the north of the Irish Republic, bordering on Co. Fermanagh in Northern Ireland.   The town of Cavan is SSE of Enniskillen. The county was formed in 1579, mainly out of the lands held by the family … Continue reading

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Cashel

CASHEL The Kings of Munster, the province in southwest Ireland, were sometimes called Kings of Cashel.   The town is east of Tipperary and southeast of Limerick. In 1141 it became the seat of an Archbishop, whose province was Munster.   In … Continue reading

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Carlow

CARLOW   Cheatharlach. Inland county in southeastern Ireland, in the province of Leinster.   It is drained in the east by the River Slaney, which flows to Wexford Harbour, and in the west by the River Barrow, which flows to Waterford Harbour, … Continue reading

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Brycheiniog

BRYCHEINIOG Inland Kingdom in southeastern Wales, in and around the valley of the upper River Usk;  its lands are now, roughly speaking, the south of the county of Powys. Its traditional founder was Brychan, the son of an Irish King … Continue reading

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Bréifne

BRÉIFNE     Brefni, Breffney, Breffny, Brenny.     Kingdom in western Ireland, formed by the mid-8th century on the borders of Connacht and Ulster by the powerful Connacht family of the Uí Briúin.   Its power fell away but revived in the 12th … Continue reading

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Brega

BREGA Irish Kingdom(s) in the early middle ages, in the area of present-day eastern Meath and the north of Co. Dublin.   It appeared in the early 7th century in the east of the region dominated by the Southern Uí Néill.   … Continue reading

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Atlantic Archipelago

ATLANTIC ARCHIPELAGO A name used for the BRITISH ISLES by those who believe the normal term has overtones of British supremacy over Ireland.

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Armagh

ARMAGH   Ard Mhacha. County in Northern Ireland, south of Lough Neagh.   Its southern and western borders are with the Republic.  In the early middle ages it was part of Airgialla, but by 850 the district around the monastery of Armagh, … Continue reading

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Antrim

ANTRIM   Aontroim. The northeastern county in Northern Ireland, lying between the River Bann and Lough Neagh in the west and the North Channel in the east. Antrim and Co. Down, to the south, were the remnant of the old Kingdom … Continue reading

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Annaly

ANNALY Anglicised form of the Gaelic ANGHAILE, a region in central Ireland, lying northeast of Lough Ree.   It was the territory of the O’Ferralls.  At times it came under the lordship, later the county, of Meath, and was included in … Continue reading

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Airgialla

AIRGIALLA   Anglicised as Uriel or Oriel. A region of small kingdoms in Ulster until the 13th century, which lay in an area where now are found the counties of Fermanagh, Monaghan, Armagh and Louth, and, in its early years, in … Continue reading

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