Category Archives: Sweden

Bremen ~ Archbishopric

BREMEN  ~ Archbishopric. See also BREMEN ~ City-state The city on the estuary of the Weser in northern Germany became the seat of a Bishop, a suffragan of Cologne, in 787.   In 848 the diocese was merged with the recently created Archdiocese … Continue reading

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Bothnia

BOTHNIA The medieval and early modern Swedish regions of West and East Bothnia (Västerbotten and Osterbotten) lay either side of the Gulf of Bothnia (Botten means valley bottom).   In 1809 East Bothnia, with the rest of Finland, came under the … Continue reading

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Bornholm

BORNHOLM Island in the western Baltic, southeast of the Swedish peninsula of Skåne.  An earlier form of the name was Burgundarholm and it is said that the Burgundians, who ended up in the Rhône-Saône region, came from here, but as … Continue reading

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Bohuslån

BOHUSLÅN    Or, Bohus  (lån means district or county).   Swedish district on the shores of the Skaggerak, bordering Norway, and named after a fortress north of Göteborg, built in the reign of Haakon V of Norway (1299-1319). It was once the … Continue reading

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Blekinge

BLEKINGE County and former province in southern Sweden, on the Baltic coast, capital Karlskrona.   It lies to the northeast of Skåne, the southernmost part of Sweden. For much of the middle ages Blekinge belonged to Denmark.   Turmoil in Denmark in … Continue reading

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Ångermanland

ÅNGERMANLAND Former province in northern Sweden, through which the lower course of the River Angerman flows.  Its chief town was Härnösand, on the Gulf of Bothnia.  It is now the northern and larger part of the county of Västernorrland.

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Älvsborg

ÄLVSBORG An inland county in southwest Sweden, separated from the sea by Göteborg och Bolus.  Its northern part, lying west of Lake Vänern, was the old province of Dal or Dalsland;  the southern part was in Västergotland. It was named … Continue reading

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Alsace

ALSACE   ELSASS (Ger), Alsatia (Lat). Region between the Vosges and the Rhine:  (1) a Duchy in the Merovingian era;  (2) a region in the Holy Roman Empire;   (3) a gouvernement in 18th century France;  (4) the greater part of the … Continue reading

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Åland Islands

ÅLAND ISLANDS    AHVENANMAA; Aaland Islands (in English, pronounced “Awland”). Group of approximately 6500 islands, 80 of them inhabited lying between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea and belonging to Finland. They belonged to Sweden until 1809, when they were ceded, … Continue reading

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