Category Archives: Belgium

Cologne ~ Archbishopric

COLOGNE ~ Archbishopric.   KÖLN. The most northerly of the three Electoral Archbishoprics of the Holy Roman Empire. The Archbishop’s province occupied the northwest of the Empire. It extended northwards along the middle and lower Meuse (from about the present frontier between … Continue reading

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Chiny

CHINY County in the Holy Roman Empire from the late 10th century.   It was in the western Ardennes, Chiny itself standing on the River Semois, ESE of Bouillon (in southeastern Belgium).  The County was sold in two stages in 1345 … Continue reading

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Charlesmont

CHARLEMONT Fortress on the Meuse in the district of Givet, very close to Belgium.   It was named after the Emperor Charles V and became French by treaty in 1678.

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Carignan

CARIGNAN The town of Carignan is in northeastern France, close to the Belgian frontier and southeast of Sedan. It was once the district of Yvoy in the east of the Principality of  Sedan, which was acquired by France in 1641 … Continue reading

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Burgundy ~ Duchy and Region

BURGUNDY ~ Duchy and Region     BOURGOGNE. Duchy in medieval France; A gouvernement in the Ancien Régime; An administrative region in modern France. It lies in east central France. French Burgundy, the part of the old Kingdom of Burgundy that was … Continue reading

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Burgundy ~ Main Article

BURGUNDY ~ Main Article;   BOURGOGNE;  BURGUND. A name with several uses, for a county, a duchy, a kingdom , for all of which see the following articles. It was the name of a gouvernement in pre-Revolutionary France and is the … Continue reading

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Burgundian Imperial Circle

BURGUNDIAN IMPERIAL CIRCLE   BURGUNDISCHER REICHSKREIS. The Circle was formed in 1512 and most of the lands within it were those inherited by the Habsburgs through the marriage of the (future) Emperor Maximilian with the heiress of Charles the Bold, Duke … Continue reading

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Bruxelles

BRUXELLES French name for BRUSSELS.

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Brussels

BRUSSELS     BRUSSEL (Flem);  BRUXELLES (Fr). Capital of Belgium and of the province of Brabant.  In the growing regionalisation of Belgium, it was recognised as a region in 1980, though it was not until 1989 that a regional assembly was elected. … Continue reading

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Brabant ~ Province

BRABANT ~ Province. The province of South Brabant in the united Netherlands became Brabant pure and simple in the new Kingdom of Belgium.   It was the only Belgian province that did not border on a foreign power.   Brabant was the … Continue reading

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Brabant ~ Duchy

BRABANT ~ Duchy The former Duchy of Brabant covers much of central and northern Belgium and the central southern Netherlands, but Brabant was originally the name of a much smaller district, which lay to the east of Flanders, roughly between the … Continue reading

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Bouillon

BOUILLON Lordship in the Holy Roman Empire, and later a Duchy in the borderlands between France and the southern Netherlands.  The town of Bouillon is at the present time near the French frontier and northeast of Sedan.  It stands on … Continue reading

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Bouches-de-l’Escaut

BOUCHES-DE-L’ESCAUT Department in the French Empire 1810-13;  it joined the former County of Zeeland, except for the mainland strip south of the Scheldt estuary, which had become French in 1795, with the western part of the Lands of the Generality … Continue reading

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Bouches-de-la-Meuse

BOUCHES-DE-LA-MEUSE Department in the French Empire 1810-13, joining southern Holland with the western part of the Lands of the Generality (now Noord Brabant).   Though the Maas is south of the Rhine, the department lay north of the Bouches-du-Rhin.

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Belgium

BELGIUM    BELGIË (Flemish); La BELGIQUE (Fr); Belgien (Ger). One of the Low Countries in western Europe, predominantly Roman Catholic, but divided by language.   Flemish (Dutch) is spoken by nearly three out of five of the population, Walloon (French) by almost … Continue reading

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