Category Archives: Netherlands

Corvey

#125176459 / gettyimages.com CORVEY Or, Corvei or Korvei. Imperial Abbey on the River Weser above Hameln in northwestern Germany;  ENE of Paderborn. It was founded by two cousins of Charlemagne in 816 as a daughter Abbey to that of Corbie … Continue reading

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Cologne ~ Archbishopric

COLOGNE ~ Archbishopric.   KÖLN. The most northerly of the three Electoral Archbishoprics of the Holy Roman Empire. The Archbishop’s province occupied the northwest of the Empire. It extended northwards along the middle and lower Meuse (from about the present frontier between … Continue reading

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Cambrai

CAMBRAI    Kammerich (Ger); Cambrésis (pays). City and district, now in northeastern France, southeast of Arras and southwest of Valenciennes. In 843, when the Frankish Kingdom was partitioned, Cambrai, the seat of a Bishop from the late 6th century, was allocated … Continue reading

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Burgundy ~ Duchy and Region

BURGUNDY ~ Duchy and Region     BOURGOGNE. Duchy in medieval France; A gouvernement in the Ancien Régime; An administrative region in modern France. It lies in east central France. French Burgundy, the part of the old Kingdom of Burgundy that was … Continue reading

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Burgundy ~ Main Article

BURGUNDY ~ Main Article;   BOURGOGNE;  BURGUND. A name with several uses, for a county, a duchy, a kingdom , for all of which see the following articles. It was the name of a gouvernement in pre-Revolutionary France and is the … Continue reading

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Burgundian Imperial Circle

BURGUNDIAN IMPERIAL CIRCLE   BURGUNDISCHER REICHSKREIS. The Circle was formed in 1512 and most of the lands within it were those inherited by the Habsburgs through the marriage of the (future) Emperor Maximilian with the heiress of Charles the Bold, Duke … Continue reading

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Breda

BREDA Lordship in the Holy Roman Empire;  the city of Breda is now in the southwestern Netherlands, west of Tilburg, SSE of Rotterdam, and northeast of Antwerp. Three families had held the lordship when, in 1326, the heiress of the … Continue reading

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Brabant ~ Province

BRABANT ~ Province. The province of South Brabant in the united Netherlands became Brabant pure and simple in the new Kingdom of Belgium.   It was the only Belgian province that did not border on a foreign power.   Brabant was the … Continue reading

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Brabant ~ Duchy

BRABANT ~ Duchy The former Duchy of Brabant covers much of central and northern Belgium and the central southern Netherlands, but Brabant was originally the name of a much smaller district, which lay to the east of Flanders, roughly between the … Continue reading

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Bouches-du-Rhin

BOUCHES-DU-RHIN   Department in the French Empire 1810-13, mainly the Brabantine sector of the former Lands of the Generality in the United Provinces, though also including southern Gelderland.  Its capital was Bois-le-Duc, now the Dutch town of Hertogenbosch. Curiously, the Bouches-du-Rhin … Continue reading

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Bouches-de-l’Yssel

BOUCHES-DE-L’YSSEL Department in the French Empire 1810-13;  the former and future Dutch province of Overijssel.

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Bouches-de-l’Escaut

BOUCHES-DE-L’ESCAUT Department in the French Empire 1810-13;  it joined the former County of Zeeland, except for the mainland strip south of the Scheldt estuary, which had become French in 1795, with the western part of the Lands of the Generality … Continue reading

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Bouches-de-la-Meuse

BOUCHES-DE-LA-MEUSE Department in the French Empire 1810-13, joining southern Holland with the western part of the Lands of the Generality (now Noord Brabant).   Though the Maas is south of the Rhine, the department lay north of the Bouches-du-Rhin.

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Bergen-op-Zoom

BERGEN-OP-ZOOM Lordship in Brabant, taking its name from the town on both banks of the River Zoom near its confluence with the Scheldt estuary.   Later diking has separated the town (now in the southwest Netherlands) from the Ooster-schelde. The lordship … Continue reading

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Bentheim

BENTHEIM   Former Imperial County (Grafschaft) in northwestern Germany;  the town is now in southwest Niedersachsen, lying between the town of Rheine, which is on the River Ems, and the Dutch border.   The southwestern Landkreis in the region of Weser-Ems in … Continue reading

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