County in the Spanish March of the Frankish Kingdom, but its lands are now in France. They lie in the eastern Pyrenees, between Cerdanya and the coastal plain of Roussillon, and are drained by the River Têt. Villefranche de Conflent and Prades were the principal towns of the county.
Conflent was held by a branch of the family of the Counts of Barcelona, later passing to the Counts of Cerdanya, on whose extinction in 1117 both Cerdanya and Conflent were added to the County of Barcelona. Conflent was later occasionally held with Cerdanya and Rosellón (Roussillon) by cadets of the Kings of Aragon. It temporarily became part of France, 1462-93, and permanently from 1659.