Category Archives: Scotland

Berwickshire

BERWICKSHIRE The southeastern county of Scotland before 1974; A district in the Borders region until 1996; A ceremonial county since 1974. The River Tweed formed much of its southern border and the northern border was in the Lammermuir Hills;  to … Continue reading

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Bernicia

BERNICIA Early English Kingdom, in Northumberland, reputedly founded by King Ida in the mid 6th century and centred upon the fortress of Bamburgh on its basalt rock near the sea.   The name is not Germanic but British in origin, perhaps … Continue reading

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Banffshire

BANFFSHIRE Former administrative county, and a surviving ceremonial area, in northeastern Scotland, south of the Moray Firth, bordered in the west by the lower Spey, with some of its eastern boundary along the River Deveron.   Banffshire was wide in the … Continue reading

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Badenoch

BADENOCH Scottish Lordship on the northern side of the Grampians, in the region of the upper Spey.   It was held by the Comyns from 1229 until 1306, the year in which Robert the Bruce murdered the Red Comyn and in … Continue reading

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Ayrshire

AYRSHIRE County in southwestern Scotland, with shores on the Firth of Clyde.  The Sheriff at Ayr, who first appeared in the reign of William the Lion (certainly by 1207, possibly by 1197), had jurisdiction over the districts of Cunningham, Kyle … Continue reading

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Auchterarder

AUCHTERARDER Small sheriffdom in central Scotland – the town lies southwest of Perth, on the road to Stirling.   The sheriffdom was in existence in 1290, the year the Crown became vacant, but soon disappeared into the sheriffdom of Perth, certainly … Continue reading

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Atholl

ATHOLL    Or, Athole.  Scottish province on the southern slopes of the Grampian Mountains, including Glens Garry and Tilt, Loch Rannoch, part of the Tay valley, and the towns of Blair Atholl, Pitlochry and Dunkeld (which was its episcopal see). Athfodla … Continue reading

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Assynt

ASSYNT Historical district in western Sutherland in the far north of Scotland, including the Loch of that name; a territory of the MacLeods.

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Arran(2)

ARRAN(2) The largest island in the Firth of Clyde in western Scotland, close to the Kintyre peninsula.  It was part of the Kingdom of Mann & the Isles, which was ceded to Scotland by Norway in 1266, though it was … Continue reading

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Argyll & Bute

ARGYLL & BUTE A district in the Strathclyde region in western Scotland, 1975-6; A unitary authority since 1996. The district united the greater part of the former county of Argyllshire with the island of Bute.   It was also (and still … Continue reading

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Argyll

ARGYLL     Name of importance in the history of the western Highlands and Islands of  Scotland, but covering regions of widely differing sizes. 1. A region or kingdom of the western Highlands.  Argyll is derived from the Gaelic Earra-Ghàidheal, meaning the … Continue reading

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Ardnamurchan

ARDNAMURCHAN District in the western Scottish Highlands, in the southwest of the peninsula between Loch Linnhe and the sea.  It includes the westernmost point on the Scottish mainland (its name means point of the great ocean).   It belonged to Argyllshire … Continue reading

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Ardgour

ARDGOUR District in the western Highlands of Scotland, bounded by Lochs Shiel (to the west), Eil (north), and Linnhe (east), and by the district of Morven (south).  It belonged to the territory of the Macleans, and was part of Argyllshire … Continue reading

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Annandale

ANNANDALE LORDSHIP in southwestern Scotland.  The River Annan rises in the Moffat Hills and flows southwards to the Solway Firth near the town of Annan. The great family of Bruce held the lordship from c.1124 until King Robert the Bruce … Continue reading

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Angus

ANGUS Early Earldom in eastern Scotland; A county until 1975; An administrative district, 1975-96; A unitary authority since 1996. Angus lies north of the Firth of Tay and is drained by the Rivers North Esk, South Esk and Isla.  Its … Continue reading

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