Tag Archives: Charlemagne

City States of Italy

CITY-STATES of Italy Of all the regions of Europe the Italian peninsula was the one where city-states most flourished and abounded.   Many of the cities of the Roman era survived;  they had a proud history and a tradition of self-government. … Continue reading

Posted in Germany, Italy | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ Carolingian Bavaria

Bavaria ~ Detailed History ~ Carolingian Bavaria With Tassilo’s deposition Bavaria could be fully integrated into the Carolingian Kingdom.   Bavaria was divided into districts (Gaue), each Gau being administered by a Count, who was a royal appointee.   There was no Duke, … Continue reading

Posted in Germany | Tagged , , | Leave a comment


AQUITAINE Roman province (see AQUITANIA); Duchy, Kingdom, and sub-Kingdom in the Frankish era; Medieval Duchy;   Modern administrative region – in southwestern France. The extent of Aquitaine has varied greatly, from the days of the Romans onwards.   They first used … Continue reading

Posted in England, France | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments