One of the Taifa statelets in Andalusia in southern Spain in the 11th century, named after a town, called Carmo by the Romans and Karmuna by the Arabs, lying ENE of Seville. It stands on a plateau west of the River Corbones and south of the Guadalquivir, its defensible position being crowned by a castle.
A group of Berbers called the Birzalids had become established in Carmona in the third quarter of the 10th century. In 1013, with the Caliphate in Córdoba in chaos, the new Caliph Sulaymin, brought to power with Berber support, recognised the Birzalid chiefs as rulers of Carmona. Theirs was one of the smallest of the Taifa states. Close to Seville, it was long under pressure from that growing Kingdom, but it managed to survive until 1066 or 1067, when it was annexed by Seville.