CARLAT Carladais (pays).
Vicomté in southwestern Auvergne; Carlat is southeast of Aurillac.
Near the end of the 10th century, the Vicomte assumed the title of Count. The lands were subsequently divided between two brothers. The portion belonging to one passed to the Counts of Barcelona through his heiress, though Alfonso II, the Count of Barcelona who also became King of Aragón, granted his share to the descendant of the other brother, whose line had become Counts of Rodez (which lay to the south of Carlat). Alfonso II’s grandson, James I of Aragón, specifically reserved his rights in the Carladais when he and Louis IX of France settled all differences between them in 1258, though, as it turned out, no King of Aragón ever actually possessed the land again.
In 1302 the lands were again divided, this time between the families of Pons, who held Carlat itself, and Armagnac. The town of Carlat was occupied for about twenty-five years after 1360 by brigands, a consequence of the breakdown of order during the Hundred Years’ War.
John, Duke of Berry (d.1416), the husband of an Armagnac, eventually reunited the lands when the heir of the Pons line sold him his share. Through one of his daughters Carlat passed to a branch of the Armagnacs and was forfeit when Jacques, Duke of Nemours, was executed in 1477. It then passed to the Bourbon Peter of Beaujeu, who was descended from another Berry daughter.
With the treason of Constable Bourbon, it was given in 1523 to the mother of Francis I, who later gave it to her daughter, whose eventual heir, King Henry IV, united Carlat with the royal lands. Though not for long: in 1641 it was given to the Prince of Monaco, and his heirs kept it until the Revolution.