Brest


BREST

Brest Litovsk Voivodeship (red) within Lithuan...

Brest Litovsk Voivodeship (red) within Lithuania in the 17th century (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Southwestern administrative region in Belarus, named after its capital, which was called BREST LITOVSK until 1921 (the Litovsk signifying that it had belonged to the Great Principality of Lithuania, which later united with Poland).

The city stands on the River Buh (Bug), which is the frontier with Poland, and became Russian in 1795 in the Third Partition of Poland.  It returned to Poland after the First World War, a return made formal in the Treaty of Riga, 1921, and, as BRZESC, was capital of the Palatinate of Polesie.  Occupied by Soviet troops in 1939, it was added to the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.

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