Monthly Archives: July 2013


BUZÃU   County in southeast central Romania (formerly part of Wallachia), on the southern slopes of the Transylvanian Alps. Named after its capital, which is northeast of Bucharest.

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BUTRINTO Italian name of BUTRINT, a small town in the southwestern corner of Albania, opposite the northern end of the island of Corfu; anciently, Buthrotum.   It belonged to the Despots of Epirus after the fall of Constantinople to the … Continue reading

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BÜTOW Small territory, named after the town, now called Bytów, in northern Poland, southeast of Słupsk and WSW of Gdañsk. It once lay on the borders of Poland and Pomerania and was held by the Teutonic Knights until 1466, when Poland … Continue reading

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BUTESHIRE County in the Firth of Clyde in southwestern Scotland, consisting the islands of Bute and Arran and some smaller islands.   In area it was 29th of the 33 Scottish counties and 30th in population. In 1975 it became part … Continue reading

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BUTE Island in the Firth of Clyde, once part of Buteshire, now in the Argyll & Bute unitary authority in western Scotland. The island belonged to the Norse Kingdom of the Isles, but it was lost some time in the … Continue reading

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BUSKERUD Inland county in southern Norway, west and northwest of the Oslo region.

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BÜSINGEN An enclave of German territory within Switzerland, north of the Rhine and east of Schaffhausen.  It was a fragment of Austrian territory until 1805, when it passed to Württemberg, in 1810 to Baden, and is now in Baden-Württemberg.

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BURYATIA Autonomous Republic in the Russian Federation, on the northern, eastern and southern shores of Lake Baikal and bordering on Mongolia. The Buryats are Mongol by language and Buddhist by faith, and were conquered by Russians in the 17th century, … Continue reading

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BURSA Province in Turkey-in-Asia, which is bounded in the north by the Sea of Marmara.   It is named after its capital, BRUSA or BRUSSA in Greek, anciently PRUSA, an inland city.  It fell to the Ottomans in 1326, the first … Continue reading

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Burgundy ~ Kingdom

BURGUNDY ~ Kingdom    La BOURGOGNE (Fr); BURGUND (Ger). There were several Kingdoms of Burgundy, of which the original Germanic Kingdom is called la Burgundie in French;  the Kingdom from 888 until 933, when it absorbed Provence, is called Transjurane or Upper … Continue reading

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Burgundy ~ Duchy and Region

BURGUNDY ~ Duchy and Region     BOURGOGNE. Duchy in medieval France; A gouvernement in the Ancien Régime; An administrative region in modern France. It lies in east central France. French Burgundy, the part of the old Kingdom of Burgundy that was … Continue reading

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Burgundy ~ Main Article

BURGUNDY ~ Main Article;   BOURGOGNE;  BURGUND. A name with several uses, for a county, a duchy, a kingdom , for all of which see the following articles. It was the name of a gouvernement in pre-Revolutionary France and is the … Continue reading

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Burgundian Imperial Circle

BURGUNDIAN IMPERIAL CIRCLE   BURGUNDISCHER REICHSKREIS. The Circle was formed in 1512 and most of the lands within it were those inherited by the Habsburgs through the marriage of the (future) Emperor Maximilian with the heiress of Charles the Bold, Duke … Continue reading

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BURGOS Inland province (BU) in the north of Spain, named after its capital, which stands on the River Alanzón, a tributary of the Duero.   The province has a exclave around the town of Treviño – the Condado de Treviño – … Continue reading

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BURGENLAND      Except for Vienna, the smallest Land in Austria in area;  it is the least populated.   It lies on the borders with Hungary, to which it belonged until 1920/1.    Its name comes from the castles (Burgen in German) in the … Continue reading

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