Former Imperial Lordship in western Germany, near the Donnersberg, between the Rhine and the Mosel, west of Worms. The original settlement of Bolanden is just south of the town of Kirchheimbolanden, which is now in Rheinland-Pfalz.
The family of the lords of Bolanden began as a ministerial family, probably in the service of the Archbishops of Mainz. They are known to have held the lordship from the early 12th century. The senior branch of the lords of Bolanden died out in the male line in 1376 and Bolanden passed to the Counts of Sponheim, in 1429/31 to the Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken and eventually to the Princes of Nassau-Weilburg. It was annexed by France in 1797 after a period of occupation, and in 1815 was added to Prussia.
A junior branch of the original family held nearby FALKENSTEIN.