Daily Archives: June 9, 2013

Besançon

BESANÇON     Bisanz (Ger). City on the River Doubs in eastern France and on the northwestern edge of the Jura Mountains; the seat of an Archbishop, an Imperial Free City, and the capital of the Department of the Doubs since 1790. … Continue reading

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Besalú

BESALÚ County of the Spanish March, named after a town in the northeastern corner of Spain, northwest of Gerona, on the River Fluvia as it emerges from the Pyrenees. Besalú was held by a branch of the family of the … Continue reading

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Berwick-upon-Tweed

BERWICK-UPON-TWEED   More generally, Berwick-on-Tweed. Town in the northeastern corner of England, but at the time of its greatest prosperity, in the southeastern corner of Scotland. The boundary between the two countries had been fixed in 1018 at the River Tweed, … Continue reading

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Berwickshire

BERWICKSHIRE The southeastern county of Scotland before 1974; A district in the Borders region until 1996; A ceremonial county since 1974. The River Tweed formed much of its southern border and the northern border was in the Lammermuir Hills;  to … Continue reading

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Berry

BERRY   Or, Berri Medieval County and Duchy; A gouvernement in the Ancien Régime. The region lay in central France, on the middle courses of the Rivers Indre and Cher, north of the Massif Central, not reaching the Loire in the … Continue reading

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Bernicia

BERNICIA Early English Kingdom, in Northumberland, reputedly founded by King Ida in the mid 6th century and centred upon the fortress of Bamburgh on its basalt rock near the sea.   The name is not Germanic but British in origin, perhaps … Continue reading

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Berne

BERNE See BERN.

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Bernburg

BERNBURG See ANHALT-BERNBURG.

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Bern

BERN    BERNE (the French spelling remains the normal English one as well).    Imperial Free City; Canton (BE). In west central Switzerland. Now the capital of Switzerland, the city, protected by a great loop in the River Aare, was founded … Continue reading

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Berlin

BERLIN Capital of the Electorate of Brandenburg, of the Kingdom of Prussia, and eventually of united Germany; the city is also a Land in the German Federal Republic. Berlin began as two small towns, Berlin and Kölln, on the River … Continue reading

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Berkshire

BERKSHIRE     (Berks) County in south central England, west of London.   One of the Home Counties, but no longer an administrative county.   It was the only English county which had shire as an integral part of its name and which was … Continue reading

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