Lordship in Brabant, taking its name from the town on both banks of the River Zoom near its confluence with the Scheldt estuary. Later diking has separated the town (now in the southwest Netherlands) from the Ooster-schelde.
The lordship was held by various Dutch families in the middle ages; in 1533 Antonin van Glymes was raised to the rank of Margrave by the Emperor Charles V. The city joined in the Dutch revolt and, though often besieged in the fifty years or so of war, it remained free of Spanish domination. It became part of the region known as the Generality, and has been in NoordBrabant since the formation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The title of Margrave continued; it passed in 1638 to Eitel-Friedrich of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, then his daughter brought the title to a cadet of the family of the Dukes of Bouillon, whose heiress became the mother of Charles Theodore, Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1733, Elector Palatine from 1742 and Elector of Bavaria from 1777.