Countries that the Region has historic or territorial links.Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark England Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Luxemburg Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Scotland Serbia Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Uncategorized United Kingdom Wales
Regional ThemesAdriatic Sea Alps Alsace ANATOLIA Ancien Régime Apulia Aquitaine Atlantic Ocean Auvergne baden Baden-Württemberg Balkan Barcelona Bavaria Berlin Bern Black Sea Bohemia Brandenburg Burgundy Byzantine Byzantine Empire Cantabrian Mountains Champagne Cisalpine Republic Count of Barcelona Czechoslovakia Danube Duchy of Brunswick Duke of Burgundy Elbe Garonne Gascony German Confederation Gwynedd Habsburg Hanover Harz Holy Roman Empire House of Habsburg Imperial Free City Kingdom of Burgundy Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of León Lake Constance Loire Lombard Lord Lieutenant Lower Bavaria Lower Normandy Magdeburg Margrave Massif Central Milan Napoleon Normandy Ottoman Empire Paris Peloponnese Powys Provence Prussia Pyrenees Rhine Roman Rome Saxony Sicily Southern Italy Soviet Union Swabia Transylvania Upper Bavaria Venice Vichy France
Monthly Archives: June 2013
BRESCIA City in northern Italy; A province in modern Italy. On the northern edge of the Po Plain, lying west of the southern end of Lake Garda, and on the route between Verona and Milan. Originally the Celtic town of … Continue reading
BRENTA Department in the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy. Its capital was Padua. Its territory had been Venetian until 1797, then became Austrian until 1805 and was so again after Napoleon’s fall. The River Brenta flows into the Venetian lagoon.
BREMEN ~ City-state. See also BREMEN ~Archbishopric City and port on the estuary of the Weser in northwestern Germany, and once the seat of an Archbishop. It is today a Land in the Federal Republic of Germany. The city was one … Continue reading
BREMEN ~ Archbishopric. See also BREMEN ~ City-state The city on the estuary of the Weser in northern Germany became the seat of a Bishop, a suffragan of Cologne, in 787. In 848 the diocese was merged with the recently created Archdiocese … Continue reading
BREIZ Breton name for BRITTANY.
BREISGAU Region in the southwestern corner of Germany, once a Frankish county. The name is used particularly for the Habsburg possessions in that region; it was also the name of a short-lived Duchy, 1801-5. The name comes from Breisach, which … Continue reading
BRÉIFNE Brefni, Breffney, Breffny, Brenny. Kingdom in western Ireland, formed by the mid-8th century on the borders of Connacht and Ulster by the powerful Connacht family of the Uí Briúin. Its power fell away but revived in the 12th … Continue reading
BREHNA County in the Holy Roman Empire; the town of Brehna is NNW of Leipzig. The County was held by the youngest son of Conrad of Wettin, Margrave of Meissen, after his abdication in 1156. A later Count acquired Wettin, … Continue reading
BREGENZ Medieval County in the Holy Roman Empire, named from the town, now in western Austria, on the eastern shores of Lake Constance (Bodensee). The County was held by a branch of the Udalrichinger, and when that line died out, … Continue reading
BREGA Irish Kingdom(s) in the early middle ages, in the area of present-day eastern Meath and the north of Co. Dublin. It appeared in the early 7th century in the east of the region dominated by the Southern Uí Néill. … Continue reading
BREFNI Breffney; Breffny. See BRÉIFNE.
BREDA Lordship in the Holy Roman Empire; the city of Breda is now in the southwestern Netherlands, west of Tilburg, SSE of Rotterdam, and northeast of Antwerp. Three families had held the lordship when, in 1326, the heiress of the … Continue reading
BRECONSHIRE Brecknockshire; Sir Frycheiniog. Welsh county formed in 1536 from the Marcher lordships of Builth in the north, Hay in the east, Blaenllyfni in the southeast, and Brecon. On its abolition in 1975, most of the county became the district … Continue reading
BRECON Marcher lordship in southeastern Wales; the castle and town of Brecon (Aberhonddu) stand at the confluence of the River Honddu with the Usk, northwest of Abergavenny, south of Builth Wells, and north of Merthyr Tydvil. Norman knights, … Continue reading