BASQUE PROVINCES EUSKADI or Euzkadi (Basque); PROVINCIAS VASCONGADAS (Sp).
The three Basque provinces in northern Spain, in the region where the Pyrenees, the Cantabrian Mountains and the Bay of Biscay meet, have long been grouped together.
- Vizcaya (Bizkaia, in the west) has the most people (Bilbao is its capital) and is second in area.
- Guipúzcoa (Gipuzkoa, in the east) on the Bay of Biscay
- The inland province of Álava (Araba), much of which lies in the basin of the River Ebro, which flows to the Mediterranean Sea. It is the biggest and has fewest people.
Under the Constitution of 1978 the Provinces became the Community of PAÍS VASCO after the agreement of a Statute in 1979 and the election of the Parliament in 1980.