The southern nome (department) in the Epirus (Ipiros) region in northwestern Greece, named after its capital. It lies north of the Ambracian Gulf (or Gulf of Arta – Ambracia was the name of the old settlement near Arta). Its history generally follows that of Epirus, of which the town was capital. In the later 14th and early 15th centuries, Epirus tended to be split between north and south, with separate rulers at Arta and Ioannina, with local chieftains having much local power. In 1881 Arta and the area around it became a part of Greece, 32 years before the rest of Epirus.