English: Caernarfon, Wales

English: Caernarfon, Wales (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A cantref in the medieval principality of Gwynedd in northwest Wales.  It included Snowdon and the shores that lay on and westwards of the Menai Straits (its name means opposite Mon, the Welsh name of Anglesey).  In 1284 Arfon became part of the new County of Caernarvonshire (Caernarfon means fortress of Arfon).   From 1974 until 1996 its name was revived for one of the districts in the county of Gwynedd.

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