English: Footpath near Archenfield

English: Footpath near Archenfield (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A district on the English borders with Wales, lying between the River Wye, as it flows (erratically) southwards below Hereford, and the River Monnow, as it flows towards Monmouth.

In the 11th century it was in the border zone between England and Wales.  Domesday Book included it in Herefordshire, but gave it special treatment, describing the customs of the Welsh-speaking population.  The Bishops of Llandaff and Hereford both claimed it as part of their diocese;  in 1130 Hereford won.   Welsh speaking later died out from what had securely become southern Herefordshire.

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