Daily Archives: April 17, 2013

Anholt

ANHOLT A small lordship in northwestern Germany held directly from the Holy Roman Emperor;  the town of Anholt is on the River Ouder IJssel, north of Kleve and northwest of Wesel.   Today it is in Germany, though very close to … Continue reading

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Anhalt-Zerbst

ANHALT-ZERBST When Anhalt was divided c.1252 amongst the sons of its first Prince, the youngest took Zerbst, a town southeast of Magdeburg and on the further side of the Elbe from the bulk of the Principality.   This Zerbst line divided … Continue reading

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Anhalt-Plötzkau

ANHALT-PLÖTZKAU Plötzkau, now a small town to the southwest of Bernburg, was capital of an old county in the marcher region on the edge of the Duchy of Saxony.   Its Counts in the 12th century claimed to be Margraves of … Continue reading

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Anhalt-Köthen

ANHALT-KÖTHEN A division of the Principality of Anhalt, held by princes of the branch of Anhalt-Zerbst between 1396 and 1562, when the last Prince abdicated.   The town of Köthen lies in the country between the Rivers Saale and Mulde, north … Continue reading

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Anhalt-Dessau

ANHALT-DESSAU One of the divisions of the Principality of Anhalt.   The town of Dessau is on the River Mulde, a little above its confluence with the Elbe, and is southeast of Magdeburg and north of Leipzig. Anhalt-Dessau is sometimes used … Continue reading

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Anhalt-Bernburg

ANHALT-BERNBURG One of the divisions of the Principality of Anhalt, c.1252-1468 and again from 1603, when it was held by the second oldest brother and his heirs, until the extinction of the line in 1863.   The town of Bernburg is … Continue reading

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Anhalt-Aschersleben

ANHALT-ASCHERSLEBEN The senior line of the partitioned Principality of Anhalt, c.1252-1315.   When the line died out in 1315, Aschersleben, which is northeast of the Harz Mountains, southeast of Halberstadt, and SSW of Magdeburg, passed to the Bishops of Halberstadt.   The … Continue reading

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Anhalt

ANHALT Principality in eastern Germany, which in the 18th century lay between western Brandenburg in the Kingdom of Prussia and western Saxony but in the 19th century was entirely surrounded by Prussia.   It stretched from lands to the north of … Continue reading

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Angus

ANGUS Early Earldom in eastern Scotland; A county until 1975; An administrative district, 1975-96; A unitary authority since 1996. Angus lies north of the Firth of Tay and is drained by the Rivers North Esk, South Esk and Isla.  Its … Continue reading

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Angra Do Heroismo

ANGRA DO HEROISMO District in the Azores, consisting of the islands of Teceira, Sào Jorge and Graciosa, which are the eastern islands in the main group.

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Angoulême

ANGOULÊME    Angoumois (pays). County, later Duchy, in southwestern France;  the city stands on the River Charente, northeast of Bordeaux and WSW of Limoges. The Franks established a county there after they had expelled the Visigoths in 507;  when the Frankish … Continue reading

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