ALENTEJO Or, ALEMTEJO.
Old province in the south, though not the far south, of Portugal; its name means beyond the Tejo (Tagus); it was sometimes called Entre Tejo e Guadiana (i.e. between those two rivers). Between the 1130s and 1230s it was the border zone with the Moslems, across which fortunes ebbed and flowed until it had become firmly Portuguese by 1240.
In 1833 it was divided into the districts (southwards from the Tejo) of Portalegre, Evora, and Beja. In Salazar’s Portugal after 1936 there were two new provinces of Alto and Baixa Alentejo.