Daily Archives: April 7, 2013

Al-Andalus

AL-ANDALUS The Arabic name (the west) for Moslem Iberia.   For its history, see UMMAYAD SPAIN, TAIFA STATES, ALMORAVID SPAIN, ALMOHAD SPAIN and GRANADA.   This article will deal with the various peoples that composed Moslem Iberia. The most important, though not the most numerous, of … Continue reading

Posted in Portugal, Spain | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Alaçahisar

ALAÇAHISAR Ottoman district (sanjak) in Serbia in the 16th century;  the valley of the Western Morava and the middle part of that of the River Morava.   The sanjak was named from the Turkish form of Kruševac, on the Western Morava, … Continue reading

Posted in Serbia | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Akrotiri

AKROTIRI British Sovereign Base Area in southernmost Cyprus. The base extends along both Episkopi and Akrotiri Bays;  the village of Akrotiri stands on the peninsula between them.  There is a second SBA at DHEKELIA in the east of the island, … Continue reading

Posted in Cyprus, United Kingdom | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Akhaltsikhe

AKHALTSIKHE     Or, Achaltsik (old spelling). Town in southern Georgia, on a tributary of the River Kura, not far from the Turkish border.  It was acquired, with the surrounding district, by Russia from the Ottoman Empire in 1829.

Posted in Georgia, Russia | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Akershus

AKERSHUS County in southern Norway, around the city and county of Oslo, at the head of Oslofjord.   The former province of Aggershus included Oslo, and took its name from a castle built in the reign of Haakon V (1299-1319) between … Continue reading

Posted in Norway | Tagged , , , | 3 Comments

Akarnanía

AKARNANÍA See ACARNANIA.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Ajoye

AJOYE   Or, Ajoie; Elsgau (Ger). Carolingian district between the Jura and the Vosges, now divided between eastern France and northwestern Switzerland. In the 11th century, westernmost Ajoye lay in the northeast of the County of Burgundy, where it remained. The … Continue reading

Posted in France, Switzerland | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ajaria

AJARIA See ADZHARIA.

Posted in Georgia, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Aíyina

AÍYINA See AEGINA.  

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Aix-la-Chapelle

AIX-LA-CHAPELLE French name of AACHEN.

Posted in Germany | Leave a comment

Aix

AIX (1) Généralité for Provence, in southeastern France, during the Ancien Régime, created in 1542 and named after its administrative headquarters, Aix-en-Provence.   Provence was a pays d’Etat, one of the provinces where the Estates survived and decided how the taxes … Continue reading

Posted in France | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Aitolía

AITOLÍA See AETOLIA.

Posted in Greece | Leave a comment

Aisne

AISNE The Département de l’Aisne (02) is in northeastern France.   Most of it lies in the northeast of the Paris basin, but the northwestern region around St Quentin lies on the upper Somme, which rises near that town.   Two major … Continue reading

Posted in Germany | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Airgialla

AIRGIALLA   Anglicised as Uriel or Oriel. A region of small kingdoms in Ulster until the 13th century, which lay in an area where now are found the counties of Fermanagh, Monaghan, Armagh and Louth, and, in its early years, in … Continue reading

Posted in Ireland, Northern Ireland | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Aix-la-Chapelle

AIX-LA-CHAPELLE French name of AACHEN.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment